Catalytic Generation of Hydrogen with Titanium Citrate and a Macrocyclic Cobalt Complex

TitleCatalytic Generation of Hydrogen with Titanium Citrate and a Macrocyclic Cobalt Complex
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsSzajna-Fuller E, Bakac A
Journal TitleEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Date Published06/01
ISBN Number1434-1948
Accession NumberISI:000279080700006
Keywordscobaloxime catalysts, cobalt, evolution, hydrides, hydrogen, kinetics, macrocycles, mechanism, oxidation, REDUCTION, STRUCTURAL-CHARACTERIZATION, system, titanium, VISIBLE-LIGHT, water

Hydrogen evolution from acidic aqueous solutions of Ti-III citrate is strongly catalyzed by Co(dmgBF(2))(2). The reaction generates an intermediate with maximum absorbance at 770 nm. The slow disappearance of this intermediate takes place simultaneously with the generation of H-2 in a process that was most efficient at pH 1.6 (turnover number 53). The loss of the catalytic activity is caused by the loss of the macrocyclic ligand and formation of Co-aq(2+). Control experiments implicate Co-III as the most likely oxidation state responsible for catalyst destruction, and thus provide indirect evidence for the involvement of Corn in the catalytic cycle. Taken together, the data suggest that hydrogen generation takes place at least in part by the H+/HCoIII(dmgBF(2))(2) route. In citrate-containing solutions at 7 <= pH <= 8, the protonation of Co-I(dmgBF(2))(2)(-) to yield HCoIII(dmgBF(2))(2) has a rate constant k(H) = 1.4 x 10(6) M-1 s(-1). This reaction is about ten times slower in the absence of citrate.

URL<Go to ISI>://000279080700006
DOIDoi 10.1002/Ejic.200901176