Vortex trapping and expulsion in thin-film YBa2Cu3O7-delta strips

TitleVortex trapping and expulsion in thin-film YBa2Cu3O7-delta strips
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsKuit KH, Kirtley JR, van der Veur W, Molenaar CG, Roesthuis FJG, Troeman AGP, Clem JR, Hilgenkamp H, Rogalla H, Flokstra J
Journal TitlePhysical Review B
Volume77
Pages134504
Date PublishedApr
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1098-0121
Accession NumberISI:000255457200108
Keywords1/F NOISE, II SUPERCONDUCTING STRIPS, MAGNETIC-FIELDS, QUANTUM INTERFERENCE DEVICES
Abstract

A scanning superconducting quantum interference device microscope was used to image vortex trapping as a function of the magnetic induction during cooling in thin-film YBa2Cu3O7-delta (YBCO) strips for strip widths W from 2 to 50 mu m. We found that vortices were excluded from the strips when the induction B-a was below a critical induction B-c. We present a simple model for the vortex exclusion process which takes into account the vortex-antivortex pair production energy as well as the vortex Meissner and self-energies. This model predicts that the real density n of trapped vortices is given by n=(B-a-B-K)/Phi(0) with B-K=1.65 Phi(0)/W-2 and Phi(0)=h/2e the superconducting flux quantum. This prediction is in good agreement with our experiments on YBCO, as well as with previous experiments on thin-film strips of niobium. We also report on the positions of the trapped vortices. We found that at low densities the vortices were trapped in a single row near the centers of the strips, with the relative intervortex spacing distribution width decreasing as the vortex density increased, a sign of longitudinal ordering. The critical induction for two rows forming in the 35 mu m wide strip was (2.89+1.91-0.93)B-c, consistent with a numerical prediction.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.77.134504
Alternate JournalPhys. Rev. B