CMI Publications

CMI researchers share their developments through refereed journal articles -- more than 555 since the Energy Innovation Hub launched in 2013

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CMI researchers have published more than 555 publications since 2013. Selected publications are noted. A complete list is available on request.


  • C. Bhandhari and D. Paudyal, “Enhancing stability and magnetism of ThMn12-type cerium-iron intermetallics by site substitution,” Physical Review Research (April 2022) doi: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.023012
  • B.Z. Cui, X.B. Liu, C.I. Nlebedim and J. Cui, “Mechanically strengthened heterogeneous SmCo sintered magnets,” J of Alloys and Compounds (May 2022) doi: 10.1016.j.jallcom.2022.163937
  • J. Cui, J. Ormerod, D. Parker, R. Ott, A. Palasyuk, S. McCall, M.P. Paranthaman, M. Kesler, M. McGuire, I.C. Nlebedim, C.C. Pan and T. Lograsso, “Manufacturing processes for permanent magnets: Part 1-sintering and casting,” JOM (Feb 2022) doi:10.1007/s11837-022-05156-9
  • Y. Fujita, D. Park, M. Lencka, A.Anderko, D. Reed,V.Thompson, G. Das, A. Eslamimanesh and Y. Jiao, “Beneficiation of REE: Prospects for Biotechnology Deployment,” Earth and Space Science Open Archive, 52.
  • Y.J. Fujita, S.K. McCall and D. Ginosar, “Recycling rare earths: perspectives and recent advances,” MRS Bulletin (April 2022) doi: 10.1557/s43577-022-00301-2
  • M.S. Guzman, D. Reed, Y. Fujita, Y.Q. Jiao and D.M. Park, “Complete genome sequence of Acidithiobacillus ferriphilus GT2, isolated from gold mill tailings,” Microbiology Resource Announcements (Feb 2022) doi: 10.1128/mra.01089-21
  • G. Inman, I.C. Nlebedim and D. Prodius, “Application of ionic liquids for the recycling and recovery of technologically critical and valuable metals,” Energies 2022 (Jan 2022) doi:10.3390/en15020628
  • K. Jayanthi, G. Neilsen, P.F. Rosen, C.I. Anderson, M.S. Dickson, S.F. Evans, M.P. Paranthaman, B.F. Woodfield and A. Navrotsky,“Cryogenic heat capacity measurements and thermodynamic analysis of lithium aluminum layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with intercalated chloride,” American Mineralogist (April 2022) doi: 10.2138/am-2021-7935
  • J. Jesenovec, C. Pansegrau, M.D. McCluskey, J.S. McCloy, T.D. Gustafson, L.E. Halliburton and J.B.Varley, “Persistent room-temperature photodarkening in Cu-doped beta-Ga2O3,” Physical Review Letters (Feb 2022) doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.077402
  • V. Kashyap and P. Taylor, “Extraction and recovery of zinc and indium from residue rich in zinc ferrite,” Minerals Engineering (Jan 2022) doi: 10.1016/j.mineng.2021.107364
  • W.M. Kiarie, K. Gandha and D.C. Jiles, “Temperature-dependent magnetic properties of magnetorheological elastomers,” in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 1-5, Feb. 2022,Art no. 4000705, doi: 10.1109/TMAG.2021.3082302.
  • A. Langorgren, C. Zimmermann, Y.K. Frodason, E.F.Verhoeven, P.M. Weiser, R.M. Karsthof, J.B.Varley and L.Vines,“Influence of heat treatments in H-2 and Ar on the E-1 center in beta-Ga2 O3,” J of Applied Physics (March 2022) doi: 10.1063/5.0083861
  • Y.Z. Li, V. Ambrogi, P. Cerruti, M. Goswami, Z. Yang, M.R. Kessler and O. Rios, “Functional liquid crystalline epoxy networks and composites: from materials design to applications,” International Materials Reviews (Feb 2022) doi:10.1080/09506608.2021.1937811 
  • S. Mu, M. Wang, J.B. Varley, J.L. Lyons, D. Wickramaratne and C.G. Van deWalle,“Role of carbon and hydrogen in limiting n-type doping of monoclinic (AlxGa1-2) 2O3, Physical Review B (April 2022) doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.105.155201
  • M. Shi, S.M. Reich, A.Verma, J.R. Klaehn, L.A. Diaz and T.E. Lister,“Extraction of nickel from recycled lithium-ion batteries,” Minerals Metals & Materials Series, page 163-172, doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-92563-5_18
  • Z.C. Sims, H.B. Henderson, M.J. Thompson, R.P. Chaudhary, J.A. Hammons, J. Ilavsky, D. Weiss, K. Anderson, R. Ott and O. Rios, “Application of Ce for scavenging Cu impurities in A356 Al alloys,” European Journal of Materials (Jan 2022) doi:10.1080/26889277.2021.1974801
  • B.M. Su, X.Y. Ke and C. Yuan, “Modeling the effects of state of charge and temperature on calendar capacity loss of nickel-manganese-cobalt lithium-ion batteries,” J of Energy Storage (May 2022) doi: 10.1016/j.est.2022.104105
  • H. Ucar, D. Paudyal and K. Choudhary, “Machine learning predicted magnetic entropy change using chemical descriptors across a large compositional landscape,” Computational Materials Science (April 2022) doi: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2022.111414
  • S.H.Yang, A.Anderko, R.E. Riman and A. Navrotsky,“Thermochemistry of stoichiometric rare earth oxyfluorides REOF,” J of the American Ceramic Society (March 2022) doi: 10.1111/jace.18429


  • Y.K. Frodason, C. Zimmermann, E.F. Verhoeven, P.M.Weiser, L. Vines and J.B. Varley, “Multistability of isolated and hydrogenated Ga-O divacancies in beta-Ga2 O3,” Physical Review Materials (2021) doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.5.025402 
  • X.B. Liu, M.S. Kesler, M.F. Besser, M.J. Kramer, M.A. McGuire and I.C. Nlebedim, “Effect of processing hydrogen pressure on magnetic properties of HDDR Nd-Fe-B magnet,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2021) doi: 10.1109/TMAG.2020.3022739 
  • R.T. Nguyen, R.G. Eggert, M.H. Severson and C.G. Anderson, "Global electrification of vehicles and intertwined material supply chains of cobalt, copper and nickel,"Resour., Conserv. Recycl. (2021) 10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.105198. 
  • J.E.N. Swallow, R.G. Palgrave, P.A.E. Murgatroyd, A. Regoutz, M. Lorenz, A. Hassa, M. Grundmann, H. von Wenckstern, J.B. Varley and T.D. Veal, “Indium gallium oxide alloys: electrical structure, optical gap, surface space charge, and chemical trends within common-cation semiconductors, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2021) doi:10.1021/acsami.0c16021
  • B.P. Thapaliya, H. Luo, P. Halstenberg, H.M. Meyer III, J.R. Dunlap,and S. Dai, “Low-cost transformation of biomass-derived carbon to high-performing nano-graphite via low-temperature electrochemical graphitization,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2021) doi: 10.1021/acsami.0c19395.
  • L. Yin, R. Juneja, L. Lindsay, T. Pandey and D.S. Parker, “Semihard iron-based permanent-magnet materials,” Physical Review Applied (2021) doi: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.15.024012


  • E. E. Moore, P.E.A. Turchi, V. Lordi, D. Weiss, Z.C. Sims, H.B. Henderson, M.S. Kesler, O. Rios, S.K. McCall and A. Perron, “Thermodynamic modeling of the Al-Ce-Cu-Mg-Si system and its application to aluminum-cerium alloy design,” J of Phase Equilibria & Diffusion (2020) doi: 10.1007/s11669-020-00852-y 
  • J.A. Mattocks and J.A. Cotruvo, Jr., “Biological, biomolecular, and bio-inspired strategies for detection, extraction and separations of lanthanides and actinides,” Chemical Society Reviews (2020) doi:10.1039/d0cs00653j K. Gandha, X.B. Lui, W. Tang and I.C. Nlebedim, “Enhancement in hard magnetic properties of (Nd, Pr)-Fe-B melt-spun ribbons,” J of Applied Physics (2020) doi:10.1063/5.0021135
  • G.G. Jang, A. Ladshaw, J.K. Keum, P. Zhang and C. Tsouris, “Continuous-flow centrifugal solid/liquid separation for the recovery of rare-earth elements containing particles from phosphoric acid sludge,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2020) doi: 10.1021.acs.iecr.0c04128
  • A. Karjalainen, V. Prozheeva, K. Simula, I. Makkonen, V. Callewaert, J.B. Varley and F. Tuomisto, “Split Ga vacancies and the unusually strong anisotropy of positron annihilation spectra in beta-Ga2O3,” Physical Review B (2020) doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.102.19207
  • R.A. Osborne, N.J. Cherepy, Z.M. Seeley, S.A. Payne, A.D. Drobshoff, A.M. Srivastava, W.W. Beers, W.W. Cohen and D.L. Schlagel, “New red phosphor ceramic K2 SiF6:Mn4+,” Optical Materials (2020) doi:10.1016/j.optmat.2020.110140
  • B.J. Watson and R.G. Eggert, “Understanding relative metal prices and availability: combining physical and economic perspectives,” J of Industrial Ecology (2020) doi:10.1111/jiec.13087
  • S. Yang, M. Powell, J. W. Kolis and A. Navrotsky, “Thermochemistry of rare earth oxyhydroxides, REOOH (RE = Eu to Lu), J of Solid State Chemistry (2020) doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2020.121344
  • R. Choudhary, A. Palasyuk, I.C. Nlebedim, R.T. Ott, and D. Paudyal, “Atomic cooperation in enhancing magnetism: (Fe, Cu)-doped CeCo5,” J of Alloys and Compounds (2020) doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.155549
  • S. Deng, X. Zhou, A. Huang, Y. Yih and J.W. Sutherland, “Evaluating economic opportunities for product recovery via the Sherwood principle and machine learning," Resources, Conservation & Recycling (2020) doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.105232 
  • B. Ensign, R. Choudhary, H. Ucar and D. Paudyal, “Electronic structure, magnetic properties, and exchange splitting of gadolinium intermetallics,” JOM (2020) doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2020.166882 
  • J.E. Aston, V. S. Thompson, Y. Fujita, Y. Jiao and D.W. Reed. “Application of metabolic flux modeling to predict carbon flow and optimize the production of chelating acids by Gluconobacter oxydans for bioleaching of rare earth elements.” Proc. XXX Intern. Miner. Process. Congr. (IMPC 2020).
  • P. Bagri, B. P. Thapaliya, Z. Yang, W. Jiang, D. Sulejmanovic, H. Luo and S. Dai; “Electrochemically induced crystallization of amorphous materials in molten MgCl2: Boron nitride and hard carbon,” Chem. Comm. (2020) doi:10.1039/c9cc08717f
  • E. Chang, A. Brewer, D.M. Park, Y. Jiao and L.N. Lammers, “Surface complexation model of rare earth element adsorption onto bacterial surfaces with lanthanide binding tags” Applied Geochemistry (2020) doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.104478 
  • R. Choudhary, A. Kashyap, D. Paudyal, D. Sellmyer and R. Skomski, “Non-Heisenberg magnetism in a quaternary spin-gapless semiconductor,” JOM (2020) doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2019.166058 
  •  C.L. Cramer, T.G. Aguirre, N.R. Wieber, R.A. Lowden, A. Trofimov, H. Wang, J. Yan, M.P. Paranthaman, A.M. Elliott, “Binder jet printed WC infiltrated with pre-made melt of WC and Co,” Int J of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials (2020) doi:10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2019.105137
  • V. Deshmane, S.Z. Islam and R.R. Bhave, “Selective recovery of rare earth elements from a wide range of e-waste and process scalability of membrane solvent extraction,” Env. Sci. & Tech. (2020) doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b05695
  • Y.K. Frodason, K.M. Johansen, L. Vines and J.B. Varley, “Self-trapped hole and impurity-related broad luminescence in beta-Ga2O3,” J of Applied Physics (2020) doi:10.1063/1.5140742
  • H. Henderson, D. Weiss, Z. Sims, E. Moore, A. Perron, F. Meng, R. Ott, O. Rios, “Ternary interactions and implications for third element alloying potency in Al-Ce-based alloys,” In: Tomsett A. (eds) Light Metals 2020. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series. Springer, Cham.
  • R. Olmos, H. Iturriaga, D.S. Blazer, S. Koohfar, K. Gandha, I.C. Nlebedim, D.P. Kumah and S.R. Singamaneni, “Exchange bias in La0.7Sr0.3CrO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3)/La0.7Sr0.3CrO3 heterostructures,” AIP Advances (2020) doi:10.1063/1.5130453  
  • T.N. Lamichhane, V. Taufour, A. Palasyuk, S. Bud’ko and P. Canfield, “Study of the ferromagnetic quantum phase transition in Ce3-xMgxCo9,” Philosophical Magazine (2020) doi: 10.1080/14786435.2020.1727973Z
  • T. Pandey and David S. Parker, “Potential high-performance magnet: Fe and Zr-alloyed Ce2Co17,” Physical Review Applied (2020) doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.034039
  • B.S. Ram, A.P.S. Baghel, S.V. Kulkarni, L. Daniel, I.C. Nlebedim, “A frequency-dependent scalar magneto-elastic hysteresis model derived using multi-scale and Jiles-Atherton approaches,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2020) doi:10.1109/TMAG.2019.2950751
  • M. Saleh, J. Varley, J. Jesenovec, A. Bhattacharyya, S. Krishnamoorthy, S. Swain, K. Lynn, “Degenerate doping in β-Ga2O3 single crystals through Hf-doping,” Semiconductor Science and Technology (2020) doi:10.1088/1361-6641/ab75a6
  •  Z. Sims, D. Weiss, O. Rios, H. Henderson, M. Kesler, S. McCall, M. Thompson, A. Perron, E. Moore, “The efficacy of replacing metallic cerium in aluminum-cerium alloys with LREE mischmetal” In: Tomsett A. (eds) Light Metals 2020. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series. Springer, Cham. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-36408-3_30
  • J.E. Sutton, S. Roy, A.U. Chowdhury, L. Wu, A.K. Wanhala, N. De Silva, S. Jansone-Popova, B.P. Hay, M.C. Cheshire, T.L. Windus, A.G. Stack, A. Navrotsky, B.A. Moyer, B. Doughty and V.S. Bryantsev, “Molecular recognition at mineral interfaces: Implications for the beneficiation of rare rarth ores.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2020) doi:10.1021/acsami.9b22902
  • V. Vaccarezza and C. Anderson, “An overview of beneficiation and hydrometallurgical techniques on Eudialyte Group Minerals,” Mining Metallurgy & Exploration (2020) doi:10.1007/s42461-019-00132-5
  • C. Zimmermann, Y.K. Frodason, A.W. Barnard, J.B. Varley, K. Irmscher, Z. Galazka, A. Karjalainen, W.E. Meyer, F.D. Auret and L. Vines, “Ti- and Fe-related charge transition levels in beta-Ga2O3, Applied Physics Letters (2020) doi:10.1063/1.5139402


  • R.T. Nguyen, D.D. Imholte, A.C. Matthews and W.D. Swank, “NdFeB content in ancillary motors of US conventional passenger cars and light trucks: Results from the field,” Waste Management (2019) doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2018.11.107 
  • G. Das, M.M. Lencka, A. Eslamimanesh, P. Wang, A. Anderko, R.E. Riman and A. Navrotsky, “Rare earth sulfates in aqueous systems: Thermodynamic modeling of binary and multicompontent systems in wide concentration and temperature ranges,” J. Chem. Thermodyn. (2019) doi:10.1016/j.jct.2018.10.020
  • B. Shen, C. Yu, A.A. Baker, S.K. McCall, Y. Yu, D. Su, Z. Yin, H. Liu, J. Li and S. Sun, “Chemical synthesis of magnetically hard and strong rare earth metal based nanomagnets,” Angewandte Chemi-International Edition (2019) doi:10.1002/anie.201812007 
  • T.N. Lamichhane, M.T. Onyszczak, O. Palasyuk, S. Sharikadze, T-H Kim, Q. Lin, M.J. Kramer, R.W. McCallum, A.L. Wysocki, M.C. Nguyen, V.P. Antropov, T. Pandey, D.S. Parker, S.L. Bud’ko, P.C. Canfield and A. Palasyuk, “Single-crystal permanent magnets: Extraordinary magnetic behavior in the Ta-, Cu-, and Fe-substituted CeCo5 systems,” Phys Rev Applied (2019) doi: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.014052 
  • X. Shen, Y. Xia, G. Wang, F. Zhou, V. Ozolins, X. Lu, G. Wang and X. Zhou, “High thermoelectric performance in complex phosphides enabled by stereochemically active lone pair electrons,” J Mat. Chem. A (2019) doi:10.1039/c8ta90286k 
  • H.A. Khazdozian, L. Li, M.P. Paranthaman, S.K. McCall, M.J. Kramer and I.C. Nlebedim, “Low field alignment of anisotropic bonded magnets for additive manufacturing of permanent magnet motors,” JOM (2019) doi:10.1007/s1837-018-3242-0 
  • Y. Xia, J. Park, F. Zhou and V. Ozolins, “High thermoelectric power factor in intermetallic CoSi arising from energy filtering of electrons by phonon scattering,” Phys Rev Applied (2019) doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.11.024017 
  • H. Jin, B.D. Song, Y. Yih and J.W. Sutherland, “A bi-objective network design for value recovery of neodymium-iron-boron magnets: A case study of the United States,” J of Cleaner Production (2019) doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.11.101 
  • D.G. Ballance, V.S. Bryantsev, A.S. Ivanov, S. Dai and R.D. Hancock, “Complexation of lanthanides and other metal ions by the polypyridyl ligand quaterpyridine: relation between metal ion size, chelate ring size, and complex stability,” Inorganica Chimica Acta (2019) doi:10.1016/j.ica.2018.12.050 
  • P.J Antonick, Z. Hu, Y. Fujita, D.W. Reed, G. Das, L. Wu, R. Shivaramaiah, P. Kim, A. Eslamimanesh, M.M. Lencka, Y. Jiao, A. Anderko, A. Navrotsky and R.E. Riman, “Bio- and mineral acid leaching of rare earth elements from synthetic phosphogypsum,” J. Chem. Thermodyn. (2019) doi:10.1016/j.jct.2018.12.034 
  • M.E. Ingebrigtsen, A. Yu. Kuznetsov, B.G. Svensson, G. Alfieri, A. Mihaila, U. Badstubner, A. Perron, L. Vines and J.B. Varley, “Impact of proton irradiation on conductivity and deep level defects in β-Ga2O3,” APL Materials (2019) doi:10.1063/1.5054826 
  • H. Peelaers, J.L. Lyons, J.B. Varley and C.G. Van de Walle, “Deep acceptors and their diffusion in Ga2O3,” APL Materials (2019) doi:10.1063/1.5063807 
  • J.E.N. Swallow, J.B. Varley, L.A.H. Jones, J.T. Gibbon, L.F.J. Piper, V.R. Dhanak and T.D. Veal, “Transition from electron accumulation to depletion at beta-Ga203 surfaces: The role of hydrogen and the charge neutrality level,” APL Materials (2019) doi:10.1063/1.5054091 
  • M.T. Onyszczak, T.N. Lamichhane, S.L. Bud'ko, P.C. Canfield and A. Palasyuk “Structural and magnetic properties of the CeCo 5 –CeZn 5 solid solution and potential improvements upon iron substitution,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (2019) doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2019.03.024 
  • R.T. Nguyen, D.D. Imholte, O.R. Rios, D.Weiss, Z.Sims, E. Stromme and S.K. McCall, “Anticipating impacts of introducing aluminum-cerium alloys into the United States automotive market,” Resources Conservation and Recycling (2019) doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.02.009 
  • T. Fishman and T.E. Graedel, “Impact of the establishment of U.S. offshore wind power on neodymium flows,” Nature Sustainability (2019) doi:10.1038/s41893-019-0252-z 
  • T.N. Lamichhane, Q. Lin, V. Taufour, A. Palasyuk, T. Pandey, D. Parker, S.L. Bud’ko and P.C. Canfield, “Mg assisted flux growth and characterization of single crystalline Sm2Co17,” AIP Advances (2019) doi:10.1063/1.5080117
  • L. Wu, L. Li, S.F. Evans, T.A. Eskander, B.A. Moyer, Z. Hu, S. Harrison, M.P. Paranthaman, R. Riman and A. Navrotsky, “Lithium aluminum layered double hydroxide Chlorides (LDH): Formation enthalpies and energetics of lithium ion capture,” J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. (2019) doi:10.1111/jace.16150
  • J.P. Laurino, J. Mustacato, Z. Huba and P. Zhang, “The Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Phosphate Rock and Phosphate Mining Waste Products using a Novel Heterogeneous Adsorption Polymer,” Beneficiation of Phosphates: Sustainability, Critical Materials, Smart Processes (2019) Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, Englewood, Colorado.
  • Healy, M. R.; Ivanov, A. S.; Karslyan, Y.; Bryanstev, V. S.; Moyer, B. A.; Jansone-Popova, S. “Efficient Separation of Light Lanthanides(III) Using bis-Lactam Pheanthroline Ligands” Chemistry – A European Journal (2019) doi:10.1002/chem.201806443.  
  • D. Weiss, “Improved High-Temperature Aluminum Alloys Containing Cerium,” J Materi Eng and Perform (2019)
  • D. Weiss, “Developments in Aluminum-Scandium-Ceramic and Aluminum-Scandium-Cerium Alloys,” (2019) In: C. Chesonis (eds) Light Metals 2019. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series. Springer, Cham
  • H.A. Khazdozian, L. Li, M.P. Paranthaman, S.K. McCall, M.J. Kramer and I.C. Nlebedim, “Low Field Alignment of Anisotropic Bonded Magnets for Additive Manufacturing of Permanent Magnet Motors,” JOM (2019) doi:10.1007/s11837-018-3242-0
  • K. Gandha, G. Ouyang, S. Gupta, M.P. Paranthaman and I.C. Nlebedim, “Recycling of additively printed rare earth bonded magnets,” Waste Management  (2019) doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2019.04.040 
  • I.C. Nlebedim, M. Huang, K. Sun, L. Zhou, R.W. McCallum and M.J. Kramer, “Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Grain Refined Pr2Co14B Melt-Spun Ribbons,” Magnetochemistry (2019) doi:10.3390/magnetochemistry5010006 
  • M.S. Kesler, B.A. Jensen, L. Zhou, O. Palasyuk, T-H Kim, M.J. Kramer, I.C. Nlebedim, O. Rios and M.A. McGuire, “Effects of High Magnetic Fields on Phase Transformations in Amorphous Nd2Fe14B,” Magnetochemistry (2019) doi:10.3390/magnetochemistry5010016