Chinese policies toward rare earths, 1975-2018

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CMI scientists at Colorado School of Mines conducted this research.

Key Priorities

  • 1975-1990: Upstream production for export
  • 1991-1998: Initial restrictions on production and foreign investment
  • 1999-2009: Export quotas & taxes, promotion of downstream activities, initial efforts to control industry disorder
  • 2010-2015: Further and broader restrictions on exports, response to WTO dispute
  • 2016-2018: Industry consolidation, continuing efforts to control industry dis-order, Chinese foreign investment upstream

Achievement

Review of original Chinese documents, along with contemporaneous assessments of global rare earth markets and overall Chinese industrial policies

graph of Chinese policies toward rare earths, 1975-2018
Chinese policies toward rare earths, 1975-2018