Suppression of electron spin decoherence in a quantum dot

TitleSuppression of electron spin decoherence in a quantum dot
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsZhang WX, Dobrovitski VV, Santos LF, Viola L, Harmon BN
Journal TitleJournal of Modern Optics
Type of ArticleProceedings Paper
ISBN Number0950-0340
Accession NumberISI:000251361300032

The dominant source of decoherence for an electron spin in a quantum dot is the hyperfine interaction with the surrounding bath of nuclear spins. The decoherence process may be slowed down by subjecting the electron spin to suitable sequences of external control pulses. We investigate the performance of a variety of dynamical decoupling protocols using exact numerical simulation. Emphasis is given to realistic pulse delays and the long-time limit, beyond the domain where available analytical approaches are guaranteed to work. Our results show that both deterministic and randomized protocols are capable to significantly prolong the electron coherence time, even when using control pulse separations substantially larger than what expected from the upper cutoff frequency of the coupling spectrum between the electron and the nuclear spins. In a realistic parameter range, the total width of such a coupling spectrum appears to be the physically relevant frequency scale affecting the overall quality of the decoupling.

Alternate JournalJ. Mod. Opt.