Paramagnetic spin correlations in CaFe2As2 single crystals

TitleParamagnetic spin correlations in CaFe2As2 single crystals
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsDiallo SO, Pratt DK, Fernandes RM, Tian W, Zarestky JL, Lumsden M, Perring TG, Broholm CL, Ni N, Bud'ko SL, Canfield PC, Li HF, Vaknin D, Kreyssig A, Goldman AI, McQueeney RJ
Journal TitlePhysical Review B
Date Published06/07
ISBN Number1098-0121
Accession NumberISI:000278482100007

Magnetic correlations in the paramagnetic phase of CaFe2As2(T-N=172 K) have been examined by means of inelastic neutron scattering from 180 K (similar to 1.05T(N)) up to 300 K (1.8T(N)). Despite the first-order nature of the magnetic ordering, strong but short-ranged antiferromagnetic (AFM) correlations are clearly observed. These correlations, which consist of quasielastic scattering centered at the wave vector Q(AFM) of the low-temperature AFM structure, are observed up to the highest measured temperature of 300 K and at high energy transfer ((h)omega over bar > 60 meV). The L dependence of the scattering implies rather weak interlayer coupling in the tetragonal c direction corresponding to nearly two-dimensional fluctuations in the (ab) plane. The spin correlation lengths within the Fe layer are found to be anisotropic, consistent with underlying fluctuations of the AFM stripe structure. Similar to the cobalt-doped superconducting BaFe2As2 compounds, these experimental features can be adequately reproduced by a scattering model that describes short-ranged and anisotropic spin correlations with overdamped dynamics.

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