Temperature-independent ytterbium valence in YbGaGe

TitleTemperature-independent ytterbium valence in YbGaGe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsDoyle BP, Carleschi E, Magnano E, Malvestuto M, Dee AA, Wills AS, Janssen Y, Canfield PC
Journal TitlePhysical Review B
Volume75
Pages235109
Date PublishedJun
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1098-0121
Accession NumberISI:000247624900046
Keywordsdependence, FULLERIDE, PHOTOEMISSION-SPECTROSCOPY, RESONANCE, single-crystals, SOLUTION GROWTH, transition, X-RAY SOURCE, YB COMPOUNDS, ZERO THERMAL-EXPANSION
Abstract

We have determined the ytterbium valence as a function of temperature in the reported near-zero thermal expansion material YbGaGe using x-ray photoemission at various incident photon energies. The Yb 3d, 4d, and 4f levels, which directly yield the Yb valence, have been measured. Careful analysis enabled the clear separation of surface and bulk contributions. Resonant photoemission at the 4d-4f absorption edge was used to enhance the low contribution of the Yb3+ component. Contrary to the initially proposed Yb valence transition, we find no change in the valence from room temperature down to 115 K.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.75.235109
Alternate JournalPhys. Rev. B