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Universal doping evolution of the superconducting gap anisotropy in single crystals of electron-doped Ba(Fe1-xRhx)(2)As-2 from London penetration depth measurements

TitleUniversal doping evolution of the superconducting gap anisotropy in single crystals of electron-doped Ba(Fe1-xRhx)(2)As-2 from London penetration depth measurements
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKim, H, Tanatar, MA, Martin, C, Blomberg, EC, Ni, N, Bud'ko, SL, Canfield, PC, Prozorov, R
JournalJournal of Physics-Condensed Matter
Volume30
Pagination225602
Date Published06
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0953-8984
Accession NumberWOS:000431774900001
KeywordsFe-based superconductivity, London penetration depth, physics, superconductivity, superfluid density
Abstract

Doping evolution of the superconducting gap anisotropy was studied in single crystals of 4d-electron doped Ba(Fe1-xRhx)(2)As-2 using tunnel diode resonator measurements of the temperature variation of the London penetration depth Delta lambda(T). Single crystals with doping levels representative of an underdoped regime x = 0.039 (T-c = 15.5 K), close to optimal doping x = 0.057 (T-c = 24.4 K) and overdoped x = 0.079 (T-c = 21.5 K) and x = 0.131 (T-c = 4.9 K) were studied. Superconducting energy gap anisotropy was characterized by the exponent, n, by fitting the data to the power-law, Delta lambda = AT(n). The exponent n varies non-monotonically with x, increasing to a maximum n = 2.5 for x = 0.079 and rapidly decreasing towards overdoped compositions to 1.6 for x = 0.131. This behavior is qualitatively similar to the doping evolution of the superconducting gap anisotropy in other iron pnictides, including hole-doped (Ba,K) Fe2As2 and 3d-electron-doped Ba(Fe,Co)(2)As-2 superconductors, finding a full gap near optimal doping and strong anisotropy toward the ends of the superconducting dome in the T-x phase diagram. The normalized superfluid density in an optimally Rh-doped sample is almost identical to the temperature-dependence in the optimally doped Ba(Fe,Co)(2)As-2 samples. Our study supports the universal superconducting gap variation with doping and s(+/-) pairing at least in iron based superconductors of the BaFe2As2 family.

DOI10.1088/1361-648X/aabef9
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