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Universal control and error correction in multi-qubit spin registers in diamond

TitleUniversal control and error correction in multi-qubit spin registers in diamond
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsTaminiau, TH, Cramer, J, van der Sar, T, Dobrovitski, VV, Hanson, R
JournalNature Nanotechnology
Date Published03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1748-3387
Accession NumberWOS:000332637200008
Keywordselectronic spin, entanglement, gates, nuclear-spin, one 2nd, quantum register, readout, silicon

Quantum registers of nuclear spins coupled to electron spins of individual solid-state defects are a promising platform for quantum information processing(1-13). Pioneering experiments selected defects with favourably located nuclear spins with particularly strong hyperfine couplings(4-10). To progress towards large-scale applications, larger and deterministically available nuclear registers are highly desirable. Here, we realize universal control over multi-qubit spin registers by harnessing abundant weakly coupled nuclear spins. We use the electron spin of a nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond to selectively initialize, control and read out carbon-13 spins in the surrounding spin bath and construct high-fidelity single-and two-qubit gates. We exploit these new capabilities to implement a three-qubit quantum-error-correction protocol(14-17) and demonstrate the robustness of the encoded state against applied errors. These results transform weakly coupled nuclear spins from a source of decoherence into a reliable resource, paving the way towards extended quantum networks and surface-code quantum computing based on multi-qubit nodes(11,18,19).

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Exploratory Theory