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Size-Induced Chemical and Magnetic Ordering in Individual Fe-Au Nanoparticles

TitleSize-Induced Chemical and Magnetic Ordering in Individual Fe-Au Nanoparticles
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMukherjee, P, Manchanda, P, Kumar, P, Zhou, L, Kramer, MJ, Kashyap, A, Skomski, R, Sellmyer, D, Shield, JE
JournalAcs Nano
Date Published08
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1936-0851
Accession NumberWOS:000340992300056
Keywordsalloys, chemical ordering, disorder transition, Fe-Au, intermetallic au3fe1-x, metals, nanoclusters, nanocrystals, nanomagnetism, nanoparticles, phase, Thermodynamics

Formation of chemically ordered compounds of Fe and Au is inhibited in bulk materials due to their limited mutual solubility. However, here we report the formation of chemically ordered L1(2)-type Fe3Au and FeAu3 compounds in Fe-Au sub-10 nm nanoparticles, suggesting that they are equilibrium structures in size-constrained systems. The stability of these L1(2)-ordered Fe3Au and FeAu3 compounds along with a previously discovered L1(0)-ordered FeAu has been explained by a size dependent equilibrium thermodynamic model. Furthermore, the spin ordering of these three compounds has been computed using ab initio first-principle calculations. All ordered compounds exhibit a substantial magnetization at room temperature. The Fe3Au had a high saturation magnetization of about 143.6 emu/g with a ferromagnetic spin structure. The FeAu3 nanoparticles displayed a low saturation magnetization of about 11 emu/g. This suggests a antiferromagnetic spin structure, with the net magnetization arising from uncompensated surface spins. First principle calculations using the Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP) indicate that ferromagnetic ordering is energetically most stable in Fe3Au, while antiferromagnetic order is predicted in FeAu and FeAu3, consistent with the experimental results.

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Structures and Dynamics