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Physical Matching of Metals: Grain Orientation Association at Fracture Edge

TitlePhysical Matching of Metals: Grain Orientation Association at Fracture Edge
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLograsso, BK
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Date Published01
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0022-1198
Accession NumberWOS:000348569500008
Keywordselectron backscatter diffraction, forensic science, fracture, materials, measured crystal orientations, metal, metallurgy, physical match, science, statistics

The objective of this study was to examine whether surface crystal orientation can be used to associate or differentiate metal fracture fragments. The orientations of individual crystals and crystals across the fracture plane were measured on polished steel and iron alloy surfaces using Electron Backscattered Diffraction/ Orientation Imaging Microscopy (EBSD/OIM). This investigation examined crystallographic characteristics within a metal. This study showed that for transgranular fracture, it is feasible that pieces of grains could be associated across the fracture surface with the difference in orientation between grains (misorientation) along a length sequence of grain orientations on one side of the fracture surface to associate the other side of a fracture surface. Regarding pair comparisons of crystals on fracture surfaces, it was estimated that the probability for an ordered sequence of six distinct oriented grains along a fracture surface to occur again is about 1 in 4.82 (10)(30) or 2.07 (10)(-31).

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