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Pathway for recovery of photo-degraded polymer solar cells by post degradation thermal anneal

TitlePathway for recovery of photo-degraded polymer solar cells by post degradation thermal anneal
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBhattacharya, J, Joshi, PH, Biswas, R, Dalal, VL
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume164
Pagination70-79
Date Published05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0927-0248
Accession NumberWOS:000396956000011
Keywordsactive layers, blend, Capacitance spectroscopy, Defect density, efficiency, fuels, Materials Science, mechanism, morphology, Organic solar cells, oxygen, Photo degradation, physics, poly(3-hexylthiophene), recombination, Shockley Read Hall, stability, thermal
Abstract

The photo-degradation of polymer solar cells is a critical challenge preventing its commercial deployment. We experimentally fabricate organic solar cells and characterize their degradation under solar simulators in an environmental chamber under nitrogen flow, without exposure to oxygen and moisture. We have developed a thermally stable inverted organic solar cell architecture in which light induced degradation of device characteristics can be reversibly annealed to the pristine values. The stable inverted cells utilized MoOx layers that are thermally treated immediately after their deposition on the organic layer, and before metal cathode deposition. Organic solar cells that are photo-degraded in the presence of oxygen, however show irreversible degradation that cannot be thermally recovered. The decrease of organic solar cell characteristics correlates with increases in mid-gap electronic states, measured using capacitance spectroscopy and dark current. It is likely the photo-induced defect states caused by local H motion from the alkyl chains to the aromatic backbone, can be reversibly annealed at elevated temperatures after photo-degradation. Our results provide a pathway for improving the stability of organic photovoltaics.

DOI10.1016/j.solmat.2017.02.012
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Photonics

Short TitleSol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells
Alternate JournalSol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells