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Oxygen and sulfur adsorption on vicinal surfaces of copper and silver: Preferred adsorption sites

TitleOxygen and sulfur adsorption on vicinal surfaces of copper and silver: Preferred adsorption sites
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLiu, DJ, Thiel, PA
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume148
Pagination124706
Date Published03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0021-9606
Accession NumberWOS:000428866500087
Keywordsag, chemistry, cu(100), cu(111), cu(410)-o, dynamics, identification, induced reconstruction, o-2, physics, scanning-tunneling-microscopy, steps
Abstract

nd that the step-doubling reconstruction is favored with both adsorbates and is driven by the creation of a special stable fourfold hollow (4fh) site at the reconstructed step. Zig-zag chain structures consisting of X-M-X units (X = chalcogen, M = metal) at the step edge are considered, in which the special 4fh site is partially occupied. The zig-zag configuration is energetically competitive for oxygen but not sulfur. DFT results for oxygen agree with experiment in terms of the stability of the reconstruction, but contradict the original site assignment. The second vicinal surface is the (410), where again results are similar for both metals. For oxygen, DFT predicts that step sites are filled preferentially even at lowest coverage, followed by terrace sites, consistent with the experiment. For sulfur, in contrast, DFT predicts that terrace sites fill first. Oxygen forms O-M-O rows on the top edge of the step, where it occupies incomplete 4fh sites. This resolves an experimental ambiguity in the site assignment. For both the (211) and (410) surfaces, the interaction energy that stabilizes the X-M-X chain or row correlates with the linearity of the X-M-X unit, which may explain key differences between oxygen and sulfur. Published by AIP Publishing.

DOI10.1063/1.5021091
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Chemical Physics