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Oriented polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene (P(VDF-TrFE)) films by Langmuir-Blodgett deposition: a synchrotron X-ray diffraction study

TitleOriented polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene (P(VDF-TrFE)) films by Langmuir-Blodgett deposition: a synchrotron X-ray diffraction study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLindemann, WR, Philiph, RL, Chan, DWW, Ayers, CT, Perez, EM, Beckman, SP, Strzalka, J, Chaudhary, S, Vaknin, D
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume17
Pagination29335-29339
Date Published11/21
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1463-9076
Accession NumberWOS:000364024100097
Keywordscopolymers, crystallization, cycle, ferroelectric polymers, fluoride, phase-transition, pyroelectric energy converter, temperature, vinylidene
Abstract

Langmuir-Blodgett films of polyvinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylene - P(VDF-TrFE)-copolymers possess substantially improved electrocaloric and pyroelectric properties, when compared with conventionally spin-cast films. In order to rationalize this, we prepared single-layered films of P(VDF-TrFE) (70 : 30) using both deposition techniques. Grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS), reveals that Langmuir-Blodgett deposited films have a higher concentration of the ferroelectric beta-phase crystals, and that these films are highly oriented with respect to the substrate. Based on these observations, we suggest alternative means of deposition, which may substantially enhance the electrocaloric effect in P(VDF-TrFE) films. This development has significant implications for the potential use of P(VDF-TrFE) in solid-state refrigeration.

DOI10.1039/c5cp04307g
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