|Title||Nature of the Insulating Ground State of the 5d Postperovskite CaIrO3|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Kim, SW, Liu, C, Kim, HJ, Lee, JH, Yao, YX, Ho, KM, Cho, JH|
|Journal||Physical Review Letters|
|Type of Article||Article|
The insulating ground state of the 5d transition metal oxide CaIrO3 has been classified as a Mott-type insulator. Based on a systematic density functional theory (DFT) study with local, semilocal, and hybrid exchange-correlation functionals, we reveal that the Ir t(2g) states exhibit large splittings and one-dimensional electronic states along the c axis due to a tetragonal crystal field. Our hybrid DFT calculation adequately describes the antiferromagnetic (AFM) order along the c direction via a superexchange interaction between Ir4+ spins. Furthermore, the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) hybridizes the t(2g) states to open an insulating gap. These results indicate that CaIrO3 can be represented as a spin-orbit Slater insulator, driven by the interplay between a long-range AFM order and the SOC. Such a Slater mechanism for the gap formation is also demonstrated by the DFT + dynamical mean field theory calculation, where the metal-insulator transition and the paramagnetic to AFM phase transition are concomitant with each other.
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