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Multipole Moments in the Effective Fragment Potential Method

TitleMultipole Moments in the Effective Fragment Potential Method
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBertoni, C, Slipchenko, LV, Misquitta, AJ, Gordon, MS
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Date Published03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1089-5639
Accession NumberWOS:000396296200021
Keywordsadapted perturbation-theory, basis-sets, charge-transfer, chemistry, Damping, energy, functions, model, molecular-orbitals, physics, wave-functions

In the effective fragment potential (EFP) method the Coulomb potential is represented using a set of multipole moments generated by the distributed multipole analysis (DMA) method. Misquitta, Stone, and Fazeli recently developed a basis space-iterated stockholder atom (BS-ISA) method to generate multipole moments. This study assesses the accuracy of the EFP interaction energies using sets of multipole moments generated from the BS-ISA method, and from several versions of the DMA method (such as analytic and numeric grid-based), with varying basis sets. Both methods lead to reasonable results, although using certain implementations of the DMA method can result in large errors. With respect to the CCSD(T)/CBS interaction energies, the mean unsigned error (MUE) of the EFP method for the S22 data set using BS-ISA generated multipole moments and DMA-generated multipole moments (using a small basis set and the analytic DMA procedure) is 0.78 and 0.72 kcal/mol, respectively. The MUE accuracy is on the same order as MP2 and SCS-MP2. The MUEs are lower than in a previous study benchmarking the EFP method without the EFP charge transfer term, demonstrating that the charge transfer term increases the accuracy of the EFP method. Regardless of the multipole moment method used, it is likely that much of the error is due to an insufficient short-range electrostatic term (i.e., charge penetration term), as shown by comparisons with symmetry-adapted perturbation theory.

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Chemical Physics

Alternate JournalJ. Phys. Chem. A