|Title||Multifunctional Properties of Cyanate Ester Composites with SiO2 Coated Fe3O4 Fillers|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Sun, WX, Sun, WZ, Kessler, MR, Bowler, N, Dennis, KW, McCallum, RW, Li, Q, Tan, XL|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||dielectric properties, dielectric-properties, dynamic-mechanical analysis, ester/alumina, magnetite nanoparticles, mechanical stiffening, nanocomposites, oxide, polymer composites, polymer-matrix composites, silica, SiO2 coated Fe3O4 submicrometer spheres, superparamagnetic behavior|
SiO2 coated Fe3O4 submicrometer spherical particles (a conducting core/insulating shell configuration) are fabricated using a hydrothermal method and are loaded at 10 and 20 vol % into a bisphenol E cyanate ester matrix for synthesis of multifunctional composites. The dielectric constant of the resulting composites is found to be enhanced over a wide frequency and temperature range while the low dielectric loss tangent of the neat cyanate ester polymer is largely preserved up to 160 degrees C due to the insulating SiO2 coating on individual conductive Fe3O4 submicrometer spheres. These composites also demonstrate high dielectric breakdown strengths at room temperature. Dynamic mechanical analysis indicates that the storage modulus of the composite with a 20 vol % filler loading is twice as high as that of neat resin, but the glass transition temperature considerably decreases with increasing filler content. Magnetic measurements reveal a large saturation magnetization and negligibly low coercivity and remanent magnetization in these composites.
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