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Ionothermal synthesis of open-framework metal phosphates with a Kagome lattice network exhibiting canted anti-ferromagnetism

TitleIonothermal synthesis of open-framework metal phosphates with a Kagome lattice network exhibiting canted anti-ferromagnetism
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWang, GM, Valldor, M, Mallick, B, Mudring, AV
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume2
Pagination7417-7427
Date Published09
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2050-7526
Accession NumberWOS:000341280000033
Keywordsaluminophosphate, antiferromagnet, cobalt phosphate, fluorophosphate, insertion, Ionic liquids, ionothermal synthesis, magnetic-properties, properties, template, zeolite
Abstract

Four open-framework transition-metal phosphates; (NH4)(2)CO3(HPO4)(2)F-4 (1), (NH4)CO3(HPO4)(2)(H2PO4)F-2 (2), KCo3(HPO4)(2)(H2PO4)F-2 (3), and KFe3(HPO4)(2)(H2PO4)F-2 (4); are prepared by ionothermat synthesis using pyridinium hexafluorophosphate as the ionic liquid. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that the four compounds contain cobalt/iron-oxygen/fluoride layers with Kagorne topology composed of interlinked face-sharing MO3F3/MO4F2 octahedra. PO3OH pseudo-tetrahedral groups augment the [M3O6F4] (1)/[M3O8F2] layers on both sides to give M-3(HPO4)(2)F-4 (1) and M-3(HPO4)(2)F-2 (2-4) layers. These layers are stacked along the a axis in a sequence AA..., resulting in the formation of a layer structure for (NH4)(2)CO3(HPO4)(2)F-4(1). In NH4CO3(HPO4)(2)(H2PO4)F-2 and KM3(HPO4)2(H2PO4)F-2, the M-3(HPO4)(2)F-2 layers are stacked along the a axis in a sequence AA(i)... and are connected by [PO3(OH)] tetrahedra, giving rise to a 3-D open framework structure with 10-ring channels along the [001] direction. The negative charges of the inorganic framework are balanced by K+/NH4+ ions located within the channels. The magnetic transition metal cations themselves form layers with stair-case Kagome topology. Magnetic susceptibility and magnetization measurements reveal that all four compounds exhibit a canted antiferromagnetic ground state (T-c = 10 or 13 K for Co and T-c = 27 K for Fe) with different canting angles. The full orbital moment is observed for both Co2+ and Fe2+

DOI10.1039/c4tc00290c
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