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Intrinsic Resolution of Molecular Electronic Wave Functions and Energies in Terms of Quasi-atoms and Their Interactions

TitleIntrinsic Resolution of Molecular Electronic Wave Functions and Energies in Terms of Quasi-atoms and Their Interactions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsWest, AC, Schmidt, M, Gordon, MS, Ruedenberg, K
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume121
Pagination1086-1105
Date Published02
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1089-5639
Accession NumberWOS:000393928200019
Keywordschemical-bond, chemistry, complexes, comprehensive analysis, decomposition analysis, density-matrix, fors, local constituents, model, orbitals, physics, transition-state method, valence
Abstract

A general intrinsic energy resolution has been formulated for strongly correlated wave functions in the full molecular valence space and its subspaces. The information regarding the quasi-atomic organization of the molecular electronic structure is extracted from the molecular wave function without introducing any additional postulated model state wave functions, To this end, the molecular wave function is expressed in terms of quasi-atomic molecular orbitals, which maximize the overlap between subspaces of the molecular orbital space and the free-atom orbital spaces. As a result, the molecular wave function becomes the superposition of a wave function representing the juxtaposed nonbonded quasi-atoms and a wave function describing the interatomic electron migrations that create bonds through electron sharing. The juxtaposed nonbonded quasi-atoms are shown to consist of entangled quasi-atomic states from different atoms. The binding energy is resolved as a sum of contributions that are due to quasi-atom formation, quasiclassical electrostatic interactions, and interatomic interferences caused by electron sharing. The contributions are further resolved according to orbital interactions. The various transformations that generate the analysis are determined by criteria that are independent of the working orbital basis used for calculating the molecular wave function. The theoretical formulation of the resolution is quantitatively validated by an application to the C-2 molecule.

DOI10.1021/acs.jpca.6b10911
Custom 1

Chemical Physics

Custom 2

NSF

Alternate JournalJ. Phys. Chem. A