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Enhanced thermoelectric cooling properties of Bi2Te3-xSex alloys fabricated by combining casting, milling and spark plasma sintering

TitleEnhanced thermoelectric cooling properties of Bi2Te3-xSex alloys fabricated by combining casting, milling and spark plasma sintering
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHan, ST, Rimal, P, Lee, CH, Kim, HS, Sohn, Y, Hong, SJ
JournalIntermetallics
Volume78
Pagination42-49
Date Published11
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0966-9795
Accession NumberWOS:000386406200006
KeywordsAmount of Se, Bi2Te3-xSex alloys, bismuth-telluride, chemistry, Figure of merit, gas-atomization, High energy ball milling, hot extrusion, legs, Materials Science, mechanical-properties, Metallurgical Engineering, Microstructure, nanocomposites, performance, power-generation, thermoelectric properties
Abstract

Bi2Te3-xSex alloys are extensively used for thermoelectric cooling around room temperature, but, previous studies have reported peak thermoelectric efficiency of the material at higher temperature around 450 K. This study presents the casting followed by high energy ball milling and spark plasma sintering as a thriving methodology to produce efficient and well-built Bi2Te3-xSex material for the thermoelectric cooling around room temperature. In addition, changes in electrical and thermal transport properties brought up by amount of Se in the Bi2Te3-xSex material for this methodology are measured and discussed. Although Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity showed irregular trend, power factor, thermal conductivity and figure of merit ZT gradually decreased with the increase in amount of Se. A maximum ZT value of 0.875 at 323 K was obtained for x = 0.15 sample owing to its higher power factor. This value is 17% and 38% greater than for x = 0.3 and x = 0.6 samples respectively. At 323 K, herein reported ZT value of 0.875 is higher than the state of art n-type Bi2Te3 based thermoelectric materials produced by the time consuming and expensive methodologies. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.intermet.2016.08.006
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Short TitleIntermetallics
Alternate JournalIntermetallics