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Electronic and optical properties of novel carbon allotropes

TitleElectronic and optical properties of novel carbon allotropes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsWang, ZY, Dong, F, Shen, B, Zhang, RJ, Zheng, YX, Chen, LY, Wang, SY, Wang, CZ, Ho, KM, Fan, YJ, Jin, BY, Su, WS
JournalCarbon
Volume101
Pagination77-85
Date Published05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0008-6223
Accession NumberWOS:000370816000011
Keywords2d, elastic band method, Graphene, nanosheets, paths, saddle-points, total-energy calculations, transistors, wave basis-set
Abstract

The vibrational properties, electronic structures and optical properties of novel carbon allotropes, such as monolayer penta-graphene (PG), double-layer PG and T12-carbon, were studied by first-principles calculations. Results of phonon calculations demonstrate that these exotic carbon allotropes are dynamically stable. The bulk T12 phase is an indirect-gap semiconductor having a quasiparticle (QP) bandgap of similar to 5.19 eV. When the bulk material transforms to a two-dimensional (2D) phase, the monolayer and double-layer PG become quasi-direct gap semiconductors with smaller QP bandgaps of similar to 4.48 eV and similar to 3.67 eV, respectively. Furthermore, the partial charge density analysis indicates that the 2D phases retain part of the electronic characteristics of the T12 phase. The linear photon energy-dependent dielectric functions and related optical properties including refractive index, extinction coefficient, absorption spectrum, reflectivity, and energy-loss spectrum were also computed and discussed. Additionally, the chemical stability of monolayer PG and the electronic and optical properties of double-side hydrogenated monolayer PG were also investigated. The results obtained from our calculations are beneficial to practical applications of these exotic carbon allotropes in optoelectronics and electronics. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.carbon.2016.01.078
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Photonics