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Effects of moire lattice structure on electronic properties of graphene

TitleEffects of moire lattice structure on electronic properties of graphene
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsHuang, L, Wu, Y, Hershberger, MT, Mou, DX, Schrunk, B, Tringides, MC, Hupalo, M, Kaminski, A
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume96
Pagination035411
Date Published07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2469-9950
Accession NumberWOS:000405184400005
Keywordsdirac fermions, epitaxial graphene, layer graphene, physics, scanning-tunneling-microscopy, substrate, superlattices, suspended graphene
Abstract

We study structural and electronic properties of graphene grown on silicone carbide (SiC) substrate using a scanning tunneling microscope, spot-profile-analysis low-energy electron diffraction, and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We find several new replicas of Dirac cones in the Brillouin zone. Their locations can be understood in terms of a combination of basis vectors linked to SiC 6 x 6 and graphene 6 root 3 x 6 root 3 reconstruction. Therefore, these new features originate from the moire caused by the lattice mismatch between SiC and graphene. More specifically, Dirac cone replicas are caused by underlying weak modulation of the ionic potential by the substrate that is then experienced by the electrons in the graphene. We also demonstrate that this effect is equally strong in single- and trilayer graphene; therefore, the additional Dirac cones are intrinsic features rather than the result of photoelectron diffraction. These new features in the electronic structure are very important for the interpretation of recent transport measurements and can assist in tuning the properties of graphene for practical applications.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.96.035411
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Surface Structures

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Complex States