You are here

DNP-enhanced solid-state NMR spectroscopy of active pharmaceutical ingredients

TitleDNP-enhanced solid-state NMR spectroscopy of active pharmaceutical ingredients
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsZhao, L, Pinon, AC, Emsley, L, Rossini, AJ
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Chemistry
Date Published07
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number0749-1581
Accession NumberWOS:000434227800003
Keywordsblind test, chemistry, crystal-structure prediction, determination, dynamic nuclear-polarization, hyperpolarization, magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy, mas nmr, molecular, natural isotopic abundance, NMR crystallography, pharmaceuticals, proton spin-diffusion, small organic-molecules, Spectroscopy, structure, torsional angle, x-ray-diffraction

Solid-state NMR spectroscopyhas become a valuable tool for the characterization of both pure and formulated active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). However, NMR generally suffers from poor sensitivity that often restricts NMR experiments to nuclei with favorable properties, concentrated samples, and acquisition of one-dimensional (1D) NMR spectra. Here, we review how dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) can be applied to routinely enhance the sensitivity of solid-state NMR experiments by one to two orders of magnitude for both pure and formulated APIs. Sample preparation protocols for relayed DNP experiments and experiments on directly doped APIs are detailed. Numerical spin diffusion models illustrate the dependence of relayed DNP enhancements on the relaxation properties and particle size of the solids and can be used for particle size determination when the other factors are known. We then describe the advanced solid-state NMR experiments that have been enabled by DNP and how they provide unique insight into the molecular and macroscopic structure of APIs. For example, with large sensitivity gains provided by DNP, natural isotopic abundance, C-13-C-13 double-quantumsingle-quantum homonuclear correlation NMR spectra of pure APIs can be routinely acquired. DNP also enables solid-state NMR experiments with unreceptive quadrupolar nuclei such as H-2, N-14, and Cl-35 that are commonly found in APIs. Applications of DNP-enhanced solid-state NMR spectroscopyfor the molecular level characterization of low API load formulations such as commercial tablets and amorphous solid dispersions are described. Future perspectives for DNP-enhanced solid-state NMR experiments on APIs are briefly discussed.

Custom 1