|Title||Direct 3D Printing of Catalytically Active Structures|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Manzano, JS, Weinstein, ZB, Sadow, AD, Slowing, II|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||3D printing, Additive manufacturing, aldol, catalysis, chemical-synthesis, chemistry, condensation, cooperative catalysis, fabrication, functional-groups, mannich reactions, microfluidics, millifluidics, periodic structures, polymeric materials, reactionware, stable carbonium-ions|
tive for the Mannich, aldol, and Huisgen cycloaddition reactions, respectively. The functional groups in the 3D-printed structures were also amenable to postprinting chemical modification. As proof of principle, chemically active cuvette adaptors were 3D printed and used to measure in situ the kinetics of a heterogeneously catalyzed Mannich reaction in a conventional solution spectrophotometer. In addition, 3D printed millifluidic devices with catalytically active copper carboxylate complexes were used to promote azide-alkyne cycloaddition under flow conditions. The importance of controlling the 3D architecture of the millifluidic devices was evidenced by enhancing reaction conversion upon increasing the complexity of the 3D prints.
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