|Title||Conversion of Levulinic Acid to gamma-Valerolactone over Few-Layer Graphene-Supported Ruthenium Catalysts|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Xiao, CX, Goh, TW, Qi, ZY, Goes, S, Brashler, K, Perez, C, Huang, WK|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||adsorption, Biomass, Biomass conversion, cellulose, co, gamma-valerolactone, Graphene, graphite oxide, hemicellulose, hydrocarbon fuel, hydrogenation, levulinic acid, liquid-hydrocarbon fuels, nanoparticles, reduction, selective hydrogenation, Spectroscopy|
biomass platform molecules derived from carbohydrates. FLG-supported ruthenium catalyst showed 99.7% conversion and 100% selectivity toward gamma-valerolactone (GVL) at room temperature in a batch reactor under high-pressure hydrogen. This catalyst showed 4 times higher activity and exceptional stability in comparison with traditional activated carbon supported ruthenium catalysts (Ru/C). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) studies suggest that the superior catalytic properties of Ru nanoparticles supported on FLG in LA hydrogenation could be attributed to the greater metallic Ru content present in the Ru/FLG in comparison to that in Ru/C.
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