You are here

Chemical Purity of Shewanella oneidensis-Induced Magnetites

TitleChemical Purity of Shewanella oneidensis-Induced Magnetites
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPerez-Gonzalez, T, Valverde-Tercedor, C, Yebra-Rodriguez, A, Prozorov, T, Gonzalez-Munoz, MT, Arias-Penalver, JM, Jimenez-Lopez, C
JournalGeomicrobiology Journal
Date Published09
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0149-0451
Accession NumberWOS:000320911900007
Keywordsbiogenic magnetite, biomineralization, fe(iii) oxides, fe(iii)-reducing bacterium, green rust, hydrous ferric-oxide, iron, iron reducing bacteria, magnetite, mineralization, reduction, thermal-decomposition

Magnetite is a common iron oxide produced both inorganically and biogenically. Biologically-induced magnetite is often originated, under appropriate conditions, as a result of the Fe3+ reduction by dissimilatory iron reducing bacteria, which are usually found in anoxic environments or at the oxic-anoxic interface. Such a Fe3+ bioreduction occurs upon this cation acting as an electron acceptor of an anaerobic respiration, thus creating favorable conditions for magnetite precipitation. This biologically-induced magnetite is an important biomineral in the environments inhabited by iron reducing bacteria. The presence of a variety of cations may influence both the biomineralization process and the resulting biomineral, however this phenomenon has not been investigated extensively. In the present study, we study the effect on the magnetite biomineralization process of the presence of calcium, magnesium and manganese in the culture medium where Shewanella oneidensis lives. We also test the incorporation of these cations into the crystalline structure of inorganic and biogenic magnetite induced by S. oneidensis. According to our findings, manganese ions likely become incorporated into the crystal structure of biologically produced magnetites, while magnesium ions are incorporated in inorganic magnetites, and calcium ions are excluded from the crystal structure of both inorganic and biotic magnetites. We hypothesize that the incorporation of cations into magnetite depends not only on the relative cation radii, but also on the mechanisms of magnetite formation.

Custom 1

Protein Templated Nanocrystals