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Bulk electronic structure of non-centrosymmetric EuTGe3 (T = Co, Ni, Rh, Ir) studied by hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

TitleBulk electronic structure of non-centrosymmetric EuTGe3 (T = Co, Ni, Rh, Ir) studied by hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsUtsumi, Y, Kasinathan, D, Swatek, P, Bednarchuk, O, Kaczorowski, D, Ablett, JM, Rueff, JP
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume97
Pagination115155
Date Published03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2469-9950
Accession NumberWOS:000428239200009
Keywordsangular-distribution parameters, beamline, ev, galaxies, kondo volume-collapse, magnetic-properties, physical-properties, physics, range 100-5000, soleil synchrotron, temperature-dependence, transition-metal, valence transition
Abstract

Non-centrosymmetric EuT Ge-3 (T = Co, Ni, Rh, and Ir) possesses magnetic Eu2+ ions, and antiferromagnetic ordering appears at low temperatures. Transition-metal substitution leads to changes in the unit-cell volume and in the magnetic ordering. However, the magnetic ordering temperature does not scale with the volume change, and the Eu valence is expected to remain divalent. Here we study the bulk electronic structure of non-centrosymmetric EuT Ge-3 (T = Co, Ni, Rh, and Ir) by hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The Eu 3d core-level spectrum confirms the robust Eu2+ valence state against the transition-metal substitution with a small contribution from Eu3+. The estimated Eu mean valence is around 2.1 in these compounds, as confirmed by multiplet calculations. In contrast, the Ge 2p spectrum shifts to higher binding energy upon changing the transition metal from 3d to 4d to 5d elements, hinting at a change in the Ge-T bonding strength. The valence bands of the different compounds are found to be well reproduced by ab initio band structure calculations.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.97.115155
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Complex States