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A benign synthesis of alane by the composition-controlled mechanochemical reaction of sodium hydride and aluminum chloride

TitleA benign synthesis of alane by the composition-controlled mechanochemical reaction of sodium hydride and aluminum chloride
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsHlova, I, Goldston, JF, Gupta, S, Kobayashi, T, Pruski, M, Pecharsky, VK
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume52
Pagination11900-11910
Date Published10
Type of ArticleArticle; Proceedings Paper
ISBN Number0022-2461
Accession NumberWOS:000406391600008
Keywordsalh3, hydrogen storage, lialh4, Materials Science, pathway, systems, thermal-decomposition
Abstract

Solid-state mechanochemical synthesis of alane (AlH3) starting from sodium hydride (NaH) and aluminum chloride (AlCl3) has been achieved at room temperature. The transformation pathway of this solid-state reaction was controlled by a stepwise addition of AlCl3 to the initial reaction mixture that contained sodium hydride in excess of stoichiometric amount. As in the case of previously investigated LiH-AlCl3 system, complete selectivity was achieved whereby formation of unwanted elemental aluminum was fully suppressed, and AlH3 was obtained in quantitative yield. Reaction progress during each step was investigated by means of solid-state NMR and powder X-ray diffraction, which revealed that the overall reaction proceeds through a series of intermediate alanates that may be partially chlorinated. The NaH-AlCl3 system presents some subtle differences compared to LiH-AlCl3 system particularly with respect to optimal concentrations needed during one of the reaction stages. Based on the results, we postulate that high local concentrations of NaH may stabilize chlorine-containing derivatives and prevent decomposition into elemental aluminum with hydrogen evolution. Complete conversion with quantitative yield of alane was confirmed by both SSNMR and hydrogen desorption analysis.

DOI10.1007/s10853-017-1219-y
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Complex Hydrides