ImagePaul Canfield, scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory and Distinguished Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Iowa State University, has been selected by the American Physical Society for the 2014 David Adler Lectureship Award in the Field of Materials Physics.

The award recognizes outstanding materials physicists who have made noted contributions through their research, review articles and lecturing.

Canfield’s research interests include the design, discovery, growth and characterization of novel electronic and magnetic compounds -- often in single-crystal form -- and the study of their electrical, magnetic and thermal properties. Over the past three decades he has helped discover, understand, and optimize materials with ferromagnetic and superconducting states as well as more exotic systems that have fragile magnetism that can be manipulated so as to shed light on basic questions addressing the very existence of magnetic behavior.

“Paul is an exceptional physicist and a worldwide leader in materials growth and characterization,” said Thomas Lograsso, interim director of Ames Laboratory. “He’s also an enthusiastic communicator and teacher, who, no doubt, has inspired many in the next generation of scientists. Ames Lab is proud to claim Paul as one of our own.”

Canfield received a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Virginia and a doctorate in physics from the University of California at Los Angeles. After postdoctoral work at Los Alamos National Laboratory, he joined the Ames Laboratory in 1993 and the Iowa State University Department of Physics and Astronomy in 1994.

In 2011, Canfield received a DOE Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award, which recognizes contributions in research and development supporting DOE. He has also received a DOE Outstanding Scientific Accomplishment Award for Solid State Physics. Canfield is a Fellow of the American Physical Society. In recognition of his research and teaching accomplishments, Canfield has received several awards from Iowa State University, including the ISU Early Excellence in Research Award, Mid-career Achievement Award and Master Teacher Award. He currently holds the ISU Robert Allen Wright Professorship of Physics.

“Of course, it’s always extremely pleasing to see world-class research coming out of the Iowa State University Physics and Astronomy Department. Furthermore, Professor Paul Canfield is also being recognized for his ability to communicate his insights into material science research in review papers and in the classroom,” said Frank Krennrich, professor and chair of ISU’s Department of Physics and Astronomy. “Paul did a faculty improvement leave two years ago, which enabled him to focus on developing a course on materials research that he taught at Karlsruhe, Madrid and Oxford. Such activities further Iowa State’s reputation in research and education worldwide.”

Canfield is an author of roughly 800 peer reviewed articles and has also written general science reviews of superconductivity in Physics Today, Physics World and Scientific American. He has written essays in Nature Physics about the basic esthetics that drive the research physicist and has compared experimental, new materials research to his other passion, cooking. Over the past decade Canfield has created and taught courses about the fundamentals of new materials discovery and characterization in a number of universities and summer schools. His hope is to inspire and educate as many researchers as possible to join the vital search for new materials that will alleviate humanity’s growing energy and environmental needs.

“When Paul was a visiting scientist and faculty member, he did what we’d never done before: immediately involved our students in real crystal growth experiments,” said Herman Suderow, professor of physics at Universidad Autonoma de Madrid in Spain, “Paul set up a growth lab from scratch and created and presented a course that taught the practical and theoretical aspects of new materials design, characterization and growth. When I saw the excitement on our students’ faces when they first opened an ampoule and saw the beautiful crystals inside, I knew they shared Paul’s excitement for crystal growth. The students had such a great time that when they did a group photo at the end of the year they titled it ‘Canfield’s Year.’ In my view, Paul will be an excellent holder of the Adler Award, and he will encourage others in the much needed combination of teaching and frontier research. I know I keep learning from him, both in teaching and in science.”

“Paul’s an extraordinary physicist and his lively personality is naturally inquisitive and engaging,” said Bruce Harmon, Ames Laboratory scientist and Canfield’s longtime colleague. “Paul uses his passion for science to motivate others, teaching and mentoring a number of students that have gone on to then spread a ‘Canfield love of science” in their roles in research and teaching.”

According to the APS award citation, Canfield was selected because of “his outstanding mentoring and enthusiastic communication of the excitement and importance of materials physics; and for his development and elucidation of superconductivity in magnesium-diboride and iron-pnictide” materials.

APS will present the award to Canfield at its meeting in March 2014, where Canfield will give an invited talk. The award consists of a certificate and honorarium.

mschlosser@ameslab.gov

Melinda Schlosser

Administrative Specialist III
Director's Office
Address

317 Technical and Administrative Services Facility (TASF)

The Ames Laboratory

Ames, IA  50011-3020

Phone
515-294-2770
Fax
515-294-4556
Email
mschlosser@ameslab.gov

Contacts:                                                                 For release: Oct. 22, 2013
Paul Canfield, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, 515-294-6270
Breehan Gerleman Lucchesi, Public Affairs, 515-294-9750

 

ImagePaul Canfield, scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory and Distinguished Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Iowa State University, has been selected by the American Physical Society for the 2014 David Adler Lectureship Award in the Field of Materials Physics.

The award recognizes outstanding materials physicists who have made noted contributions through their research, review articles and lecturing.

Canfield’s research interests include the design, discovery, growth and characterization of novel electronic and magnetic compounds -- often in single-crystal form -- and the study of their electrical, magnetic and thermal properties. Over the past three decades he has helped discover, understand, and optimize materials with ferromagnetic and superconducting states as well as more exotic systems that have fragile magnetism that can be manipulated so as to shed light on basic questions addressing the very existence of magnetic behavior.

“Paul is an exceptional physicist and a worldwide leader in materials growth and characterization,” said Thomas Lograsso, interim director of Ames Laboratory. “He’s also an enthusiastic communicator and teacher, who, no doubt, has inspired many in the next generation of scientists. Ames Lab is proud to claim Paul as one of our own.”

Canfield received a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Virginia and a doctorate in physics from the University of California at Los Angeles. After postdoctoral work at Los Alamos National Laboratory, he joined the Ames Laboratory in 1993 and the Iowa State University Department of Physics and Astronomy in 1994.

In 2011, Canfield received a DOE Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award, which recognizes contributions in research and development supporting DOE. He has also received a DOE Outstanding Scientific Accomplishment Award for Solid State Physics. Canfield is a Fellow of the American Physical Society. In recognition of his research and teaching accomplishments, Canfield has received several awards from Iowa State University, including the ISU Early Excellence in Research Award, Mid-career Achievement Award and Master Teacher Award. He currently holds the ISU Robert Allen Wright Professorship of Physics.

“Of course, it’s always extremely pleasing to see world-class research coming out of the Iowa State University Physics and Astronomy Department. Furthermore, Professor Paul Canfield is also being recognized for his ability to communicate his insights into material science research in review papers and in the classroom,” said Frank Krennrich, professor and chair of ISU’s Department of Physics and Astronomy. “Paul did a faculty improvement leave two years ago, which enabled him to focus on developing a course on materials research that he taught at Karlsruhe, Madrid and Oxford. Such activities further Iowa State’s reputation in research and education worldwide.”

Canfield is an author of roughly 800 peer reviewed articles and has also written general science reviews of superconductivity in Physics Today, Physics World and Scientific American. He has written essays in Nature Physics about the basic esthetics that drive the research physicist and has compared experimental, new materials research to his other passion, cooking. Over the past decade Canfield has created and taught courses about the fundamentals of new materials discovery and characterization in a number of universities and summer schools. His hope is to inspire and educate as many researchers as possible to join the vital search for new materials that will alleviate humanity’s growing energy and environmental needs.

“When Paul was a visiting scientist and faculty member, he did what we’d never done before: immediately involved our students in real crystal growth experiments,” said Herman Suderow, professor of physics at Universidad Autonoma de Madrid in Spain, “Paul set up a growth lab from scratch and created and presented a course that taught the practical and theoretical aspects of new materials design, characterization and growth. When I saw the excitement on our students’ faces when they first opened an ampoule and saw the beautiful crystals inside, I knew they shared Paul’s excitement for crystal growth. The students had such a great time that when they did a group photo at the end of the year they titled it ‘Canfield’s Year.’ In my view, Paul will be an excellent holder of the Adler Award, and he will encourage others in the much needed combination of teaching and frontier research. I know I keep learning from him, both in teaching and in science.”

“Paul’s an extraordinary physicist and his lively personality is naturally inquisitive and engaging,” said Bruce Harmon, Ames Laboratory scientist and Canfield’s longtime colleague. “Paul uses his passion for science to motivate others, teaching and mentoring a number of students that have gone on to then spread a ‘Canfield love of science” in their roles in research and teaching.”

According to the APS award citation, Canfield was selected because of “his outstanding mentoring and enthusiastic communication of the excitement and importance of materials physics; and for his development and elucidation of superconductivity in magnesium-diboride and iron-pnictide” materials.

APS will present the award to Canfield at its meeting in March 2014, where Canfield will give an invited talk. The award consists of a certificate and honorarium.

Ames Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science national laboratory operated by Iowa State University. Ames Laboratory creates innovative materials, technologies and energy solutions. We use our expertise, unique capabilities and interdisciplinary collaborations to solve global problems.

Form Department(s):

ESHA

Download form:

Effective date: Jan. 2013

Version: 4

Document number: Form 10200.095

Understanding the Social Network of Plants

Recent estimates state that the supply of food should increase by 50% in the next 40 years to accommodate the changes in demographics and eating habits. We are at a remarkable juncture where (i) the price of oil and nitrogen-based fertilizers is expected to increase, (ii) the long term availability of phosphorus for fertilizers is in doubt, (iii) the erosion of soil is reducing yields, and (iv) climate change brings extreme weather that impacts crop survival and productivity.

Polymer-like Nanowires

Unique properties (e.g., rubber elasticity, viscoelasticity, folding, reptation) determine the utility of polymer molecules and derive from their morphology (i.e., one-dimensional connectivity and large aspect ratios) and flexibility. Crystals do not display similar properties because they have smaller aspect ratios, they are rigid, and they are often too large and heavy to be colloidally stable. These limitations are not fundamental and they can be overcome by growth processes that mimic polymerization.

Nanomaterials by Design

Materials are the backbone of technology. Whenever a materials displays a new function, it transforms society: biodegradable scaffolds will enable the regeneration of tissues, shape memory alloys enabled stents that repair clogged vessels, superhydrophobic surfaces will prevent ice deposition on surfaces, ultrahard coatings will enable plastic electronics and reduce waste of materials and energy by abating friction and wear.

Biomineralization; Bacteria that build magnets

For a number of animals, including birds, fish and mammals, there is evidence that magnets are used for orientation.  However, little is known about how these organisms build these magnets.  For magnetotactic bacteria we have isolated a protein that will drive the formation of magnetic particles.  We are using this protein to discover how these bacteria produce magnets by the process called biomineralization.  

Interpreting wind tower and turbine data

This project will investigate the relationship between real wind speed data (and potentially power data) collected at wind turbines, and the power estimates provided by models that use estimated wind resource, wake models and turbine power curves to predict power output. Different wake models will be investigated to see if some are more effective at predicting results than others. Any variance from real data in the predictions will be traced to the three factors modeled, to see if one plays a larger role than the others.

2014 Middle School Science Bowl Participating Teams

The following schools will be participating in the 2014 Ames Laboratory/Iowa State University Middle School Regional Science Bowl to be held Feb. 22:

Adel DeSoto Minburn

Ames

Benton (Van Horne)

Boone

Central Lee (Donnellson)

Chariton

Fort Dodge

Home Schools (Walker)

Lynnville-Sully

Madrid

Mediapolis

Nishnabotna (Hamburg)

 

Pella Christian

Sacred Heart (West Des Moines)

South Hamilton (Jewell)