Thermoelectric properties of Ag2Sb2Ge46-xDyxTe50 alloys with high power factor

TitleThermoelectric properties of Ag2Sb2Ge46-xDyxTe50 alloys with high power factor
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLevin EM, Hanus R, Hanson M, Straszheim WE, Schmidt-Rohr K
Journal TitlePhysica Status Solidi A-Applications and Materials Science
Date Published12
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1862-6300
Accession NumberWOS:000328452500016
Keywordsalloys, band structure, electronic-properties, ENHANCEMENT, germanium telluride, GETE, nuclear magnetic resonance, nuclear-magnetic-resonance, pbte, performance bulk thermoelectrics, systems, thermoelectric properties, thermopower, transition

A comprehensive study of GeTe-based materials where Ge is replaced by 2at.% Ag, 2at.% Sb, and additionally by 1 or 2at.% Dy (Ag2Sb2Ge46-xDyxTe50 alloys) has been conducted using Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity measurements in the temperature range of 300-750K, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Te-125 NMR at 300K. According to our data, at approximate to 720K, GeTe, a self-doping degenerate semiconductor, exhibits the highest known power factor (PF) among tellurides, 42Wcm(-1)K(-2), but due to high thermal conductivity, the thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, is relatively low, approximate to 0.8. Replacement of Ge in GeTe by [Ag+Sb] and Dy enhances the Seebeck coefficient and produces a small increase in carrier concentration deduced from Te-125 NMR spin-lattice relaxation. The PF of Ag2Sb2Ge45Dy1Te50 at approximate to 720K is found to be still high, 40Wcm(-1)K(-2), and due to a reduction in thermal conductivity, ZT reaches 1.2. Our data show that relatively high ZT values in tellurides can be obtained primarily due to high PF while thermal conductivity is moderate. The enhancement of the Seebeck coefficient observed in Ag2Sb2Ge46-xDyxTe50 alloys can be attributed to energy filtering due potential barriers formed by [Ag+Sb] and rare-earth Dy atoms.

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