Stability maps to predict anomalous ductility in B2 materials

TitleStability maps to predict anomalous ductility in B2 materials
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsSun RS, Johnson DD
Journal TitlePhysical Review B
Volume87
Pages104107
Date Published03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1098-0121
Accession NumberWOS:000316380800001
Keywordsaugmented-wave method, beta-cuzn, binary alloy systems, deformation-behavior, earth intermetallic compounds, initio molecular-dynamics, mechanical-properties, operative slip, screw superdislocation, single-crystals, systems
Abstract

While most B2 materials are brittle, a new class of B2 (rare-earth) intermetallic compounds is observed to have large ductility. We analytically derive a necessary condition for ductility (dislocation motion) involving < 111 > versus < 001 > slip and the relative stability of various planar defects that must form. We present a sufficient condition for antiphase boundary bistability on {1 (1) over bar0} and {11 (2) over bar} planes that allows multiple slip systems. From these energy-based criteria, we construct two stability maps for B2 ductility that use only dimensionless ratios of elastic constants and defect energies, calculated via density functional theory. These two conditions fully explain and predict enhanced ductility (or lack thereof) for B2 systems. In the 23 systems studied, the ductility of YAg, ScAg, ScAu, and ScPd, ductile-to-brittle crossover for other rare-earth B2 compounds, and brittleness of all classic B2 alloys and ionic compounds are correctly predicted. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.104107

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000316380800001
DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.87.104107