Observation of a phase transition at 55 K in single-crystal CaCu1.7As2

TitleObservation of a phase transition at 55 K in single-crystal CaCu1.7As2
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsAnand VK, Johnston DC
Journal TitlePhysical Review B
Volume86
Pages214501
Date Published12
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1098-0121
Accession NumberWOS:000311910400003
Keywordshigh-temperature superconductivity
Abstract

We present the structural, magnetic, thermal and ab-plane electronic transport properties of single crystals of CaCu1.7As2 grown by the self-flux technique that were investigated by powder x-ray diffraction, magnetic susceptibility chi, isothermal magnetization M, specific heat C-p, and electrical resistivity rho measurements as a function of temperature T and magnetic field H. X-ray diffraction analysis of crushed crystals at room temperature confirm the collapsed tetragonal ThCr2Si2-type structure with similar to 15% vacancies on the Cu sites as previously reported, corresponding to the composition CaCu1.7As2. The chi(T) data are diamagnetic, anisotropic, and nearly independent of T. The chi is larger in the ab plane than along the c axis, as also observed previously for SrCu2As2 and for pure and doped BaFe2As2. The C-p(T) and rho(T) data indicate metallic sp-band character. In contrast to the rho(T) and C-p(T) data that do not show any evidence for phase transitions below 300 K, the rho(T) data exhibit a sharp decrease on cooling below a temperature T-t = 54-56 K, depending on the crystal. The chi(T) data show no hysteresis on warming and cooling through T-t and the transition thus appears to be second order. The phase transition may arise from spatial ordering of the vacancies on the Cu sublattice. The T-t is found to be independent of H for H <= 8 T. A positive magnetoresistance is observed below T-t that increases with decreasing T and attains a value in H = 8.0 T of 8.7% at T = 1.8 K.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000311910400003
DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.86.214501
Alternate JournalPhys. Rev. B