Scanning Angle Plasmon Waveguide Resonance Raman Spectroscopy for the Analysis of Thin Polystyrene Films

TitleScanning Angle Plasmon Waveguide Resonance Raman Spectroscopy for the Analysis of Thin Polystyrene Films
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMeyer MW, Mckee KJ, Nguyen VHT, Smith EA
Journal TitleJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume116
Pages24987-24992
Date Published11
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1932-7447
Accession NumberWOS:000311650400016
KeywordsINTERFACES, IR, scattering, silica, spectra, surfactant adsorption-kinetics, total-reflection
Abstract

Scanning angle (SA) Raman spectroscopy was used to characterize thin polymer films at a sapphire/50 nm gold film/polystyrene/air interface. When the polymer thickness is greater than similar to 260 nm, this interface behaves as a plasmon waveguide; Raman scatter is greatly enhanced with both p- and s-polarized excitation compared to an interface without the gold film. In this study, the-reflected light intensities from the interface and Raman spectra were collected as a function of incident angle for three samples with different polystyrene thicknesses. The Raman peak areas were well modeled with the calculated mean-square electric field (MSEF) integrated over the polymer film at varying incident angles. A 412 nm polystyrene plasmon waveguide generated 3.34x the Raman signal at 40.52 degrees (the plasmon waveguide resonance angle) compared to the signal measured at 70.4 degrees (the surface plasmon resonance angle). None of the studied polystyrene plasmon waveguides produced detectable Raman-Scatter using a 180 degrees backscatter collection geometry, demonstrating the sensitivity of the SA Raman technique. The data highlight the ability to measure polymer thickness, chemical content, and, when combined with calculations of MSEF as a function of distance from the interface, details of polymer structure and order. The SA Raman spectroscopy thickness measurements agreed with those obtained from optical interferometery with an average difference of 2.6%. This technique has the potential to impact the rapidly developing technologies utilizing metal/polymer films for energy storage and electronic devices.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000311650400016
DOI10.1021/jp308882w
Alternate JournalJ. Phys. Chem. C