Development of viable solutions for the synthesis of sulfur bearing single crystals

TitleDevelopment of viable solutions for the synthesis of sulfur bearing single crystals
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLin X, Bud'ko SL, Canfield PC
Journal TitlePhilosophical Magazine
Volume92
Pages2436-2447
Date Published07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1478-6435
Accession NumberWOS:000306119500004
Keywordsbehavior, electronic-structure, growth, magnetic-properties, parkerite, single crystals, SOLUTION GROWTH, solutions, sulfur bearing, sulfur-based compounds, superconductivity, TRANSPORT
Abstract

The discovery of high temperature superconductivity in FeAs and FeSe based compounds has once again focused the condensed matter community on the need to systematically explore compounds containing chalcogens and pnictogens. Whereas some solution growth techniques have been developed to handle P and As, and Sb and Bi are versatile solvents in their own right, S has remained a problematic element to incorporate into conventional solution growth. To a large extent its low boiling point, combined with its polymeric nature in a molten state have made S an uninviting solvent. In this paper we present our development of a range of binary sulfur bearing solutions (some even sulfur rich) and demonstrate how we have been able to use these as useful starting points for the growth of a wide range of transition metal-sulfur-X ternary compounds. We present growth details and basic characterization data for Ni3Bi2S2, Co3Sn2S2, Fe2GeS4, CoSSb, and CePd3S4. In addition we present a remarkably simple method for the growth of single crystalline Co with crystallization taking place below the Curie temperature.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000306119500004
DOI10.1080/14786435.2012.671552
Alternate JournalPhilos. Mag.