Near IR Scanning Angle Total Internal Reflection Raman Spectroscopy at Smooth Gold Films

TitleNear IR Scanning Angle Total Internal Reflection Raman Spectroscopy at Smooth Gold Films
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMckee KJ, Meyer MW, Smith EA
Journal TitleAnalytical Chemistry
Date Published05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0003-2700
Accession NumberWOS:000303965500011
Keywordsadsorption, attenuated-total-reflection, biophysical, chemistry, ENHANCEMENT, interface, monolayers, scattering, spectra, surface-plasmon polaritons, thin-films

Total internal reflection (TIR) Raman and reflectivity spectra were collected for nonresonant analytes as a function of incident angle at sapphire or sapphire/smooth 50 nm gold interfaces using 785 nm excitation. For both interfaces, the Raman signal as a function of incident angle is well-modeled by the calculated interfacial mean square electric field (MSEF) relative to the incident field times the thickness of the layer being probed in the Raman measurement (D-RS). The Raman scatter was reproducibly enhanced at the interface containing a gold film relative to the sapphire interface by a factor of 4.3-4.6 for aqueous pyridine or 2.2-3.7 for neat nitrobenzene, depending on the analyzed vibrational mode. The mechanism for the increased Raman signal is the enhanced MSEF at incident angles where propagating surface plasmons are excited in the metal film. The background from the TIR prism was reduced by 89-95% with the addition of the gold film, and the percent relative uncertainty in peak area was reduced from 15 to 1.7% for the 1347 cm(-1) mode of nitrobenzene. Single monolayers of benzenethiol (S/N = 6.8) and 4-mercaptopyridine (S/N = 16.5) on gold films were measured by TIR Raman spectroscopy with 785 rim excitation (210 mW) without resonant enhancement in 1 min.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000303965500011
Alternate JournalAnal. Chem.