Theory of Pump-Probe Experiments of Metallic Metamaterials Coupled to a Gain Medium

TitleTheory of Pump-Probe Experiments of Metallic Metamaterials Coupled to a Gain Medium
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsHuang ZX, Koschny T, Soukoulis CM
Journal TitlePhysical Review Letters
Volume108
Pages187402
Date Published05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0031-9007
Accession NumberWOS:000303662300010
Keywordsnegative-index metamaterials
Abstract

We establish a new approach for pump-probe simulations of metallic metamaterials coupled to the gain materials. It is of vital importance to understand the mechanism of the coupling of metamaterials with the gain medium. Using a four-level gain system, we have studied light amplification of arrays of metallic split-ring resonators with a gain layer underneath. We find that the differential transmittance Delta T/T can be negative for split-ring resonators on the top of the gain substrate, which is not expected, and Delta T/T is positive for the gain substrate alone. These simulations agree with pump-probe experiments and can help to design new experiments to compensate for the losses of metamaterials.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000303662300010
DOI10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.187402
Alternate JournalPhys. Rev. Lett.