Magnetic and structural properties of single-crystalline Er5Si4

TitleMagnetic and structural properties of single-crystalline Er5Si4
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMudryk Y, Singh NK, Pecharsky VK, Schlagel DL, Lograsso TA, Gschneidner KA
Journal TitlePhysical Review B
Volume85
Pages094432
Date Published03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1098-0121
Accession NumberWOS:000302103500002
Keywordsgd-5(si2ge2), gd5si2ge2, GD5SI4-GD5GE4, ge, PHASE-RELATIONSHIPS, rare earth-germanium, si, silicon compounds, system, transition
Abstract

The magnetization of the oriented Er5Si4 single crystal, measured along the three principal crystallographic directions, reveals strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. The b axis is the easy magnetization direction. The possible presence of the crystal-field effect and the noncollinear alignment of magnetic moments result in a lower than gJ magnetization along all crystallographic directions, even in a 70-kOe applied magnetic field, with the lowest moment (4.22 mu(B)/Er3+) recorded along the a axis. The magnetization measurements show that even in the true paramagnetic state there is a weak magnetic field dependence of the structural-only transition when the field is applied along the a and c axes, but this transition is magnetic field independent along the b axis in fields of 70 kOe or less. The temperature-and magnetic-field-dependent x-ray powder diffraction study of the powdered single crystal confirms the temperature-driven structural orthorhombic-monoclinic transition in the paramagnetic state and the low-temperature magnetic-field-driven monoclinic-orthorhombic transition in the magnetically ordered state. The x-ray powder diffraction indicates that the high-temperature transition is magnetic field independent below 40 kOe in a polycrystalline sample while the low-temperature transition requires a high magnetic field for its completion.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000302103500002
DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.85.094432
Alternate JournalPhys. Rev. B