Electronic phase diagram of high-temperature copper oxide superconductors

TitleElectronic phase diagram of high-temperature copper oxide superconductors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsChatterjee U, Ai DF, Zhao JJ, Rosenkranz S, Kaminski A, Raffy H, Li ZZ, Kadowaki K, Randeria M, Norman MR, Campuzano JC
Journal TitleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Date Published06
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0027-8424
Accession NumberISI:000291341400013
Keywordscuprates, fermi-surface, nodal liquid, normal-state, photoelectron spectroscopy, pseudogap state, t-c superconductor, underdoped bi2sr2cacu2o8+delta

In order to understand the origin of high-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides, we must understand the normal state from which it emerges. Here, we examine the evolution of the normal state electronic excitations with temperature and carrier concentration in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta using angle-resolved photo-emission. In contrast to conventional superconductors, where there is a single temperature scale T-c separating the normal from the superconducting state, the high-temperature superconductors exhibit two additional temperature scales. One is the pseudogap scale T*, below which electronic excitations exhibit an energy gap. The second is the coherence scale T-coh, below which sharp spectral features appear due to increased lifetime of the excitations. We find that T* and T-coh are strongly doping dependent and cross each other near optimal doping. Thus the highest superconducting T-c emerges from an unusual normal state that is characterized by coherent excitations with an energy gap.

URL<Go to ISI>://000291341400013
Alternate JournalProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.