Weak bonding of Zn in an Al-based approximant based on surface measurements

TitleWeak bonding of Zn in an Al-based approximant based on surface measurements
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsYuen CD, Unal B, Jing DP, Thiel PA
Journal TitlePhilosophical Magazine
Volume91
Pages2879-2888
Date Published07
ISBN Number1478-6435
Accession NumberISI:000290670100056
Keywordsag, growth, oxidation, quasi-crystal surfaces, quasicrystals, surface physics
Abstract

We have studied two surfaces of a new Al-Pd-Zn approximant using mass spectrometry, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Zn is bonded weakly in this approximant, perhaps as weakly as in elemental Zn. This is based upon three observations: (1) the low vapor pressure of Zn above the approximant (detectable in the gas phase at 600 K), (2) preferential sputtering of Zn (contrary to the usual preferential sputtering of Al in Al-rich quasicrystals), and (3) preferential surface segregation of Zn. We further show that preferential segregation - and perhaps incipient evaporation - causes the surface to roughen, preventing it from forming a terrace-step morphology. Finally, our data show that at low O2 pressures, Al oxidizes. In air, Zn oxidizes as well. All results and conclusions are similar for the two-fold and pseudo-10-fold surfaces.

URL<Go to ISI>://000290670100056
DOI10.1080/14786435.2010.528458
Alternate JournalPhilos MagPhilos Mag