Flux requirements for the growth of RFeAsO (R=rare earth) superconductors

TitleFlux requirements for the growth of RFeAsO (R=rare earth) superconductors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsYan JQ, Jensen B, Dennis KW, McCallum RW, Lograsso TA
Journal TitleApplied Physics Letters
Date Published02
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0003-6951
Accession NumberISI:000287507200040
Keywordsbismuth, DIFFUSIVITY, indium, oxygen, silver, SOLUBILITY, tin

Millimeter-sized LaFeAsO single crystals have been successfully grown out of NaAs flux starting with (LaAs+1/2Fe(2)O(3)):20NaAs. The factors which allow the growth of these crystals out of NaAs but not out of many other fluxes, such as FeAs, have been investigated. X-ray powder diffraction found that NaAs synthesized for the growth of RFeAsO superconductors has monoclinic LiAs structure. Thermal analysis confirmed that NaAs melts congruently at about 600 degrees C. The ability to extract RFeAsO crystals from this NaAs flux suggests that NaAs has a significant oxygen solubility, possibly due to the formation of the ternary compound NaAsO2, and enough oxygen diffusivity to transport solute to the growth front. Oxygen solubility and diffusivity are two important factors in searching for an alternative environmentally benign flux for the growth of RFeAsO superconductors. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3555632]

URL<Go to ISI>://000287507200040
Alternate JournalAppl. Phys. Lett.