Physical properties and anisotropies of the RNiGe3 series (R = Y, Ce-Nd, Sm, Gd-Lu)

TitlePhysical properties and anisotropies of the RNiGe3 series (R = Y, Ce-Nd, Sm, Gd-Lu)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsMun ED, Bud'ko SL, Ko H, Miller GJ, Canfield PC
Journal TitleJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Date Published11
ISBN Number0304-8853
Accession NumberISI:000281061400057
Keywordsanisotropy-magnetic, cef effect, crystalline electric-field, earth rhodium borides, gadolinium compounds, LA-ND, magnetic-properties, metamagnetism, ni-ge, powder diffraction, rare-earth, resistivity, rnige3, single-crystals, superzone gap

We have studied RNiGe3 (R=Y, CeNd, Sm, GdLu) single crystals by measuring crystal structure and stoichiometry, magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, electrical resistivity, magnetoresistance, and specific heat. Clear anisotropies as well as antiferromagnetic ordering in the RNiGe3 series (R=CeNd, Sm, GdTm) have been observed above 1.8 K from the magnetic susceptibility. A metamagnetic transition in this family (except for R=Sm) was detected at 2 K for applied magnetic fields below 70 kOe. The electrical resistivity of this series follows metallic behavior in the high temperature region. Below the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature a significant anisotropy is exhibited in the resistivity and magnetoresistance for different current directions. The anisotropic magnetic, transport, and thermal properties of RNiGe3 compounds are discussed in terms of Ni site occupancy as well as a combination of the effect of formation of a magnetic superzone gap and the crystalline electric field. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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