Experimental and computer simulation determination of the structural changes occurring through the liquid-glass transition in Cu-Zr alloys

TitleExperimental and computer simulation determination of the structural changes occurring through the liquid-glass transition in Cu-Zr alloys
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsMendelev MI, Kramer MJ, Ott RT, Sordelet DJ, Besser MF, Kreyssig A, Goldman AI, Wessels V, Sahu KK, Kelton KF, Hyers RW, Canepari S, Rogers JR
Journal TitlePhilosophical Magazine
Volume90
Pages3795-3815
Date Published10
ISBN Number1478-6435
Accession NumberISI:000281167800002
KeywordsAMORPHOUS ALLOY, BULK METALLIC-GLASS, FREE-VOLUME, interatomic potentials, liquid metal, liquid-glass transition, local atomic arrangements, molecular dynamics simulation, molecular-dynamics, polytetrahedral materials, x-ray diffraction, x-ray-diffraction
Abstract

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed of the structural changes occurring through the liquid-glass transition in Cu-Zr alloys. The total scattering functions (TSF), and their associated primary diffuse scattering peak positions (Kp), heights (Kh) and full-widths at half maximum (KFWHM) were used as metrics to compare the simulations to high-energy X-ray scattering data. The residuals of difference between the model and experimental TSFs are 0.03 for the liquids and about 0.07 for the glasses. Over the compositional range studied, Zr1-xCux (0.1 x 0.9), Kp, Kh and KFWHM show a strong dependence on composition and temperature. The simulation and experimental data correlate well between each other. MD simulation revealed that the Cu-Zr bonds undergo the largest changes during cooling of the liquid, whereas the Cu-Cu bonds change the least. Changes in the partial-pair correlations are more readily seen in the second and third shells. The Voronoi polyhedra (VP) in glasses are dominated by only a few select types that are compositionally dependent. The relative concentrations of the dominant VPs rapidly change in their relative proportion in the deeply undercooled liquid. The experimentally determined region of best glass formability, xCu 65%, shows the largest temperature dependent changes for the deeply undercooled liquid in the MD simulation. This region also exhibits very strong temperature dependence for the diffusivity and the total energy of the system. These data point to a strong topological change in the best glass-forming alloys and a concurrent change in the VP chemistry in the deeply undercooled liquid.

URL<Go to ISI>://000281167800002
DOI10.1080/14786435.2010.494585Pii 923939337