Magnetostriction of iron-germanium single crystals

TitleMagnetostriction of iron-germanium single crystals
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsWu D, Xing Q, McCallum RW, Lograsso TA
Journal TitleJournal of Applied Physics
Volume103
Pages07B307
Date PublishedApr
Type of ArticleProceedings Paper
ISBN Number0021-8979
Accession NumberISI:000255043200203
KeywordsAL ALLOYS, alloys, EXTRINSIC MAGNETOSTRICTION, fe-ga, magnetoelasticity, SIMILAR MAGNETIC-ALLOYS, STRUCTURALLY HETEROGENEOUS MODEL
Abstract

The addition of nonmagnetic Ga into body-centered cubic Fe enhances the magnetostriction constant lambda(100) over tenfold. Literature reports for substitution of Ge at low concentrations suggest that the addition of Ge also enhances the magnetostriction. In this work, the magnetostriction and microstructure of Fe-Ge were investigated to correlate magnetostriction with microstructure. The magnetostriction of Fe100-xGex single crystals with x between 0.05 and 0.18 varies with Ge concentration and correlates with phase changes. The value of (3/2)lambda(100) increases with Ge additions in the A2 single phase region (up to x similar to 10), reaching a maximum of 94 ppm at the solubility limit of the disordered A2 phase. Further increases in Ge in the A2+D0(3) two-phase region (12 < x < 16) result in a decrease in magnetostriction which changes from positive to negative. For Ge contents with x>16, magnetostriction remains negative with an absolute value of strain of 129 ppm at 18 at. % Ge. This behavior is similar to that observed for Fe-Si alloys. (C) 2008 American Institute of Physics.

DOI10.1063/1.2829393
Alternate JournalJ. Appl. Phys.