GRACE - GReener Advances for Catalysis and Energy
MaDDD - Materials Discovery, Design, and Development
PRIMROSE- Primary Research Into Magnetic Resonance Of the Solid-state for Energy
GReen Advances for Catalysis and Energy (GRACE)
AMES will be a world leader in predictive catalysis design, enabling energy efficient synthesis of value-added chemicals from natural resources, such as methane and bio-renewable feedstock.
Biomass-derived chemicals and fuels are central to the US strategy for energy independence. Our work will impact the DOE priority goal to “Develop biomass to hydrocarbon fuel conversion technologies at a $4/GGE cost by 2015 in support of 2017 target of $3/gallon for drop-ins such as renewable gasoline, diesel, and jet-fuel” (DOE Strategic Plan 2012 addendum).
Materials Discovery Design, Synthesis & Processing (MaDDD)
AMES will be the premier U.S. laboratory lusing an "atoms to applications" approach to discover and design new materials.
Synthesis and Processing
Advanced Materials Characterization
Computational Materials Discovery and Design
Primary Research Initiative Into Magnetic Resonance Of the Solid-State for Energy (PRIMROSE)
AMES will lead the advancement of solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SS-NMR) science that addresses challenging materials problems relevant to the mission of DOE.
The Ames Laboratory has a unique concentration of solid-state NMR expertise. Developments will include techniques that allow for studies under ultrafast magic angle spinning and at variable-temperature from 0.05-500 K; measurement of sideband-free spectra of high-Z spin-1/2 nuclei such as 125Te, 207Pb, 119Sn, 113Cd, and 195Pt; utilization of gradients for selective excitation and coherence control; and exploration of new methods for increasing nuclear polarization.
We will advance a technique that uses microwave irradiation to polarize unpaired electrons and transfer the polarization to the nuclei. This technique, known as dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP), provides unique capabilities in the US for studies of catalysts, biomolecular materials and inorganic materials relevant to the DOE mission. Instrumentation advances such as aberration correction for TEMs have been exceptional in terms of the tools’ scientific impact, and DNP promises to be similarly transformative for solid-state NMR. This technique is a game-changer because of its signal enhancement factors.