Project Leader(s):
Costas Soukoulis

Principal Investigators:
Thomas Koschny, Costas Soukoulis, Jigang Wang

Postdoctoral Research Associates:
Philippe Tassin, Lei Zhang,


The objective of this project is to obtain a better understanding of the physics of metamaterials, particularly left-handed materials. This project collectively has been, and continues to be, a prime mover and initiator of the development of left-handed materials, characterized by a negative index of refraction. This revolutionary concept originally prompted objections, based on perceived violations of causality, momentum conservation, and Fermat’s principle. This controversy is now settled, mainly through the work of this project, clearing the way for the following objectives to be addressed.

The work in this project will have deep impact on the BES Grand Challenge "how do we design and perfect atom- and energy-efficient syntheses of revolutionary new forms of matter with tailored properties?" and in current optical technologies, such as nanophotonics, optical communications, optical imaging, and optical circuitry. In addition, the novel nanofabrication and advanced characterization techniques involved in this program can be readily transferred to other DOE-related programs.


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Ates D; Cakmak A O; Colak E; Zhao R K; Soukoulis C M; Ozbay E . 2010. Transmission enhancement through deep subwavelength apertures using connected split ring resonators. Optics Express. 18:3952-3966. abstract
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Fang A; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2010. Lasing in metamaterial nanostructures. Journal of Optics. 12:024013. abstract
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Manceau J M; Shen N H; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M; Tzortzakis S . 2010. Dynamic response of metamaterials in the terahertz regime: Blueshift tunability and broadband phase modulation. Applied Physics Letters. 96:021111. abstract
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Shen N H; Kenanakis G; Kafesaki M; Katsarakis N; Economou E N; Soukoulis C M . 2009. Parametric investigation and analysis of fishnet metamaterials in the microwave regime. Journal of the Optical Society of America B-Optical Physics. 26:B61-B67. abstract
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Wang B N; Zhou J F; Koschny T; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M . 2009. Chiral metamaterials: simulations and experiments. Journal of Optics a-Pure and Applied Optics. 11:114003. abstract
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Dai W; Soukoulis C M . 2009. Theoretical analysis of the surface wave along a metal-dielectric interface. Physical Review B. 80:155407. abstract
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Zhao R; Zhou J; Koschny T; Economou E N; Soukoulis C M . 2009. Repulsive Casimir Force in Chiral Metamaterials. Physical Review Letters. 103:103602. abstract
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Guney D O; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2009. Reducing ohmic losses in metamaterials by geometric tailoring. Physical Review B. 80:125129. abstract
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Dong J F; Zhou J F; Koschny T; Soukoulis C . 2009. Bi-layer cross chiral structure with strong optical activity and negative refractive index. Optics Express. 17:14172-14179. abstract
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Economou E N; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M; Koschny T . 2009. The Fourth Quadrant in the epsilon, mu Plane: A New Frontier in Optics. Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience. 6:1827-1836. abstract
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