Project Leader(s):
Costas Soukoulis

Principal Investigators:
Thomas Koschny, Costas Soukoulis, Jigang Wang

Postdoctoral Research Associates:
Philippe Tassin, Lei Zhang,


The objective of this project is to obtain a better understanding of the physics of metamaterials, particularly left-handed materials. This project collectively has been, and continues to be, a prime mover and initiator of the development of left-handed materials, characterized by a negative index of refraction. This revolutionary concept originally prompted objections, based on perceived violations of causality, momentum conservation, and Fermat’s principle. This controversy is now settled, mainly through the work of this project, clearing the way for the following objectives to be addressed.

The work in this project will have deep impact on the BES Grand Challenge "how do we design and perfect atom- and energy-efficient syntheses of revolutionary new forms of matter with tailored properties?" and in current optical technologies, such as nanophotonics, optical communications, optical imaging, and optical circuitry. In addition, the novel nanofabrication and advanced characterization techniques involved in this program can be readily transferred to other DOE-related programs.


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Meinzer N; Ruther M; Linden S; Soukoulis C M; Khitrova G; Hendrickson J; Olitzky J D; Gibbs H M; Wegener M . 2010. Arrays of Ag split-ring resonators coupled to InGaAs single-quantum-well gain. Optics Express. 18:24140-24151. abstract
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McCauley A P; Zhao R K; Reid M T H; Rodriguez A W; Zhou J F; Rosa F S S; Joannopoulos J D; Dalvit D A R; Soukoulis C M; Johnson S G . 2010. Microstructure effects for Casimir forces in chiral metamaterials. Physical Review B. 82:165108. abstract
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Fang A; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2010. Self-consistent calculations of loss-compensated fishnet metamaterials. Physical Review B. 82:121102. abstract
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Diem M; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2010. Transmission in the vicinity of the Dirac point in hexagonal photonic crystals. Physica B-Condensed Matter. 405:2990-2995. abstract
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Zhao R K; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2010. Chiral metamaterials: retrieval of the effective parameters with and without substrate. Optics Express. 18:14553-14567. abstract
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Zhao R; Koschny T; Economou E N; Soukoulis C M . 2010. Comparison of chiral metamaterial designs for repulsive Casimir force. Physical Review B. 81:235126. abstract
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Penciu R S; Kafesaki M; Koschny T; Economou E N; Soukoulis C M . 2010. Magnetic response of nanoscale left-handed metamaterials. Physical Review B. 81:235111. abstract
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Guney D O; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2010. Intra-connected three-dimensionally isotropic bulk negative index photonic metamaterial. Optics Express. 18:12348-12353. abstract
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Decker M; Zhao R; Soukoulis C M; Linden S; Wegener M . 2010. Twisted split-ring-resonator photonic metamaterial with huge optical activity. Optics Letters. 35:1593-1595. abstract
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Li Z F; Caglayan H; Colak E; Zhou J F; Soukoulis C M; Ozbay E . 2010. Coupling effect between two adjacent chiral structure layers. Optics Express. 18:5375-5383. abstract
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