Project Leader(s):
Costas Soukoulis

Principal Investigators:
Thomas Koschny, Costas Soukoulis, Jigang Wang

Postdoctoral Research Associates:
Philippe Tassin, Lei Zhang,


The objective of this project is to obtain a better understanding of the physics of metamaterials, particularly left-handed materials. This project collectively has been, and continues to be, a prime mover and initiator of the development of left-handed materials, characterized by a negative index of refraction. This revolutionary concept originally prompted objections, based on perceived violations of causality, momentum conservation, and Fermat’s principle. This controversy is now settled, mainly through the work of this project, clearing the way for the following objectives to be addressed.

The work in this project will have deep impact on the BES Grand Challenge "how do we design and perfect atom- and energy-efficient syntheses of revolutionary new forms of matter with tailored properties?" and in current optical technologies, such as nanophotonics, optical communications, optical imaging, and optical circuitry. In addition, the novel nanofabrication and advanced characterization techniques involved in this program can be readily transferred to other DOE-related programs.


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Ginis V; Tassin P; Danckaert J; Soukoulis C M; Veretennicoff I . 2012. Creating electromagnetic cavities using transformation optics. New Journal of Physics. 14:033007. abstract
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Li Z F; Alici K B; Caglayan H; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M; Ozbay E . 2012. Composite chiral metamaterials with negative refractive index and high values of the figure of merit. Optics Express. 20:6146-6156. abstract
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Kurter C; Tassin P; Zhuravel A P; Zhang L; Koschny T; Ustinov A V; Soukoulis C M; Anlage S M . 2012. Switching nonlinearity in a superconductor-enhanced metamaterial. Applied Physics Letters. 100:121906. abstract
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Shen N H; Koschny T; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M . 2012. Optical metamaterials with different metals. Physical Review B. 85:075120. abstract
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Soukoulis C M; Wegener M . 2011. Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials. Nature Photonics. 5:523-530. abstract
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Decker M; Feth N; Soukoulis C M; Linden S; Wegener M . 2011. Retarded long-range interaction in split-ring-resonator square arrays. Physical Review B. 84:085416. abstract
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Bergmair I; Dastmalchi B; Bergmair M; Saeed A; Hilber W; Hesser G; Helgert C; Pshenay-Severin E; Pertsch T; Kley E B; Hubner U; Shen N H; Penciu R; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M; Hingerl K; Muehlberger M; Schoeftner R . 2011. Single and multilayer metamaterials fabricated by nanoimprint lithography. Nanotechnology. 22:325301. abstract
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Kurter C; Tassin P; Zhang L; Koschny T; Zhuravel A P; Ustinov A V; Anlage S M; Soukoulis C M . 2011. Classical Analogue of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency with a Metal-Superconductor Hybrid Metamaterial. Physical Review Letters. 107:043901. abstract
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Alici K B; Turhan A B; Soukoulis C M; Ozbay E . 2011. Optically thin composite resonant absorber at the near-infrared band: a polarization independent and spectrally broadband configuration. Optics Express. 19:14260-14267. abstract
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Foteinopoulou S; Kafesaki M; Economou E N; Soukoulis C M . 2011. Two-dimensional polaritonic photonic crystals as terahertz uniaxial metamaterials. Physical Review B. 84:035128. abstract
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