Project Leader(s):
Costas Soukoulis

Principal Investigators:
Thomas Koschny, Costas Soukoulis, Jigang Wang

Postdoctoral Research Associates:
Philippe Tassin, Lei Zhang,


The objective of this project is to obtain a better understanding of the physics of metamaterials, particularly left-handed materials. This project collectively has been, and continues to be, a prime mover and initiator of the development of left-handed materials, characterized by a negative index of refraction. This revolutionary concept originally prompted objections, based on perceived violations of causality, momentum conservation, and Fermat’s principle. This controversy is now settled, mainly through the work of this project, clearing the way for the following objectives to be addressed.

The work in this project will have deep impact on the BES Grand Challenge "how do we design and perfect atom- and energy-efficient syntheses of revolutionary new forms of matter with tailored properties?" and in current optical technologies, such as nanophotonics, optical communications, optical imaging, and optical circuitry. In addition, the novel nanofabrication and advanced characterization techniques involved in this program can be readily transferred to other DOE-related programs.


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Kenanakis G; Shen N H; Mavidis C; Katsarakis N; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M; Economou E N . 2012. Microwave and THz sensing using slab-pair-based metamaterials. Physica B-Condensed Matter. 407:4070-4074. abstract
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Chatzakis I; Luo L; Wang J; Shen N H; Koschny T; Zhou J; Soukoulis C M . 2012. Reversible modulation and ultrafast dynamics of terahertz resonances in strongly photoexcited metamaterials. Physical Review B. 86:125110. abstract
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Shen N H; Zhang L; Koschny T; Dastmalchi B; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M . 2012. Discontinuous design of negative index metamaterials based on mode hybridization. Applied Physics Letters. 101:081913. abstract
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Fietz C; Soukoulis C M . 2012. Scattering matrix of the boundary of a nonlocal metamaterial. Physical Review B. 86:085146. abstract
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Zhou J F; Chowdhury D R; Zhao R K; Azad A K; Chen H T; Soukoulis C M; Taylor A J; O'Hara J F . 2012. Terahertz chiral metamaterials with giant and dynamically tunable optical activity. Physical Review B. 86:035448. abstract
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Basharin A A; Kafesaki M; Economou E N; Soukoulis C M . 2012. Backward wave radiation from negative permittivity waveguides and its use for THz subwavelength imaging. Optics Express. 20:12752-12760. abstract
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Reyes-Coronado A; Acosta M F; Merino R I; Orera V M; Kenanakis G; Katsarakis N; Kafesaki M; Mavidis C; de Abajo J G; Economou E N; Soukoulis C M . 2012. Self-organization approach for THz polaritonic metamaterials. Optics Express. 20:14663-14682. abstract
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Zou Y H; Tassin P; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2012. Interaction between graphene and metamaterials: split rings vs. wire pairs. Optics Express. 20:12198-12204. abstract
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Huang Z X; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2012. Theory of Pump-Probe Experiments of Metallic Metamaterials Coupled to a Gain Medium. Physical Review Letters. 108:187402. abstract
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Tassin P; Koschny T; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M . 2012. A comparison of graphene, superconductors and metals as conductors for metamaterials and plasmonics. Nature Photonics. 6:259-264. abstract
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