Project Leader(s):
Costas Soukoulis

Principal Investigators:
Thomas Koschny, Costas Soukoulis, Jigang Wang

Postdoctoral Research Associates:
Philippe Tassin, Lei Zhang,


The objective of this project is to obtain a better understanding of the physics of metamaterials, particularly left-handed materials. This project collectively has been, and continues to be, a prime mover and initiator of the development of left-handed materials, characterized by a negative index of refraction. This revolutionary concept originally prompted objections, based on perceived violations of causality, momentum conservation, and Fermat’s principle. This controversy is now settled, mainly through the work of this project, clearing the way for the following objectives to be addressed.

The work in this project will have deep impact on the BES Grand Challenge "how do we design and perfect atom- and energy-efficient syntheses of revolutionary new forms of matter with tailored properties?" and in current optical technologies, such as nanophotonics, optical communications, optical imaging, and optical circuitry. In addition, the novel nanofabrication and advanced characterization techniques involved in this program can be readily transferred to other DOE-related programs.


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Luo L; Chatzakis I; Wang J G; Niesler F B P; Wegener M; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2014. Broadband terahertz generation from metamaterials. Nature Communications. 5:3055. abstract
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Fan Y C; Wei Z Y; Li H Q; Chen H; Soukoulis C M . 2013. Photonic band gap of a graphene-embedded quarter-wave stack. Physical Review B. 88:241403. abstract
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Soukoulis C M . 2013. Greece in crisis. Nature Materials. 12:683-685. abstract
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Tassin P; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2013. Graphene for Terahertz Applications. Science. 341:620-621. abstract
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Zhang J H; Schmalian J; Li T Q; Wang J G . 2013. Transient charge and energy balance in graphene induced by ultrafast photoexcitation. Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter. 25:314201. abstract
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Zheng J; Chen Y H; Chen Z F; Wang X G; Han P; Yong Z H; Wang Y; Leung C W; Soukoulis C M . 2013. Investigation of interface states in single-negative metamaterial layered structures based on the phase properties. Optics Express. 21:16742-16752. abstract
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Chatzakis I; Tassin P; Luo L; Shen N H; Zhang L; Wang J G; Koschny T; Soukoulis C M . 2013. One-and two-dimensional photo-imprinted diffraction gratings for manipulating terahertz waves. Applied Physics Letters. 103:043101. abstract
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Zhang J; Li T; Wang J; Schmalian J . 2013. Post-transient relaxation in graphene after an intense laser pulse. European Physical Journal-Special Topics. 222:1263-1270. abstract
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Shi F H; Chen Y H; Han P; Soukoulis C M . 2013. Investigation of one-dimensional photonic bandgap structures containing lossy double-negative metamaterials through the Bloch impedance. Journal of the Optical Society of America B-Optical Physics. 30:1473-1478. abstract
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Shen N H; Koschny T; Kafesaki M; Soukoulis C M . 2013. Robust wedge demonstration to optical negative index metamaterials. Applied Physics Letters. 102:241915. abstract
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