Time-optimal rotation of a spin 1/2: Application to the NV center spin in diamond
|Title||Time-optimal rotation of a spin 1/2: Application to the NV center spin in diamond|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Wang ZH, Dobrovitski VV|
|Journal Title||Physical Review B|
We study the applicability of the time-optimal bang-bang control designed for spin 1/2 [Boscain and Mason, J. Math. Phys. 47, 062101 (2006)] to the rotation of the electron spin of a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond. The spin of the NV center is a three-level system, with two levels forming a relevant qubit subspace where the time-varying magnetic control field performs rotation, and the third level being idle. We find that the bang-bang control protocol decreases the rotation time by 20%-25% in comparison with the traditional oscillating sinusoidal driving. We also find that for most values of the bias field, the leakage to the idle level is very small, so that the NV center is a suitable testbed for experimental study of the time-optimal protocols. For some special values of the bias field, however, the unwanted leakage is greatly increased. We demonstrate that this is caused by the resonance with higher-order Fourier harmonics of the bang-bang driving field.